Gallery Solace - The Great War 1914-1918
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31st December 1915
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A Necessary War


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November 2014

30th November 1914

30 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War30 NOVEMBER 1914

The Great War cemented the Cossacks reputation not only as Russias best troops but also their most savage.In 1914 there were 939 squadrons, mobilized normally around 100 men strong. Most came from the Don (360 squadrons) and Kuban (202 squadrons) regions although Siberia sent 54 squadrons. They were organised into Steppe and Caucasian groups further divided into territorial divisions

28th NOVEMBER 1914

28 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War28th NOVEMBER 1914

Today’s paper attempts to soften the devastating loss of HMS Bulwark by hyping the news from the Russian front. After initial success in repulsing German attacks at Warsaw in September-November 1914.  The Grand Duke was encouraged to divert German forces away from the Western Front, along with his natural preference for offensive manoeuvres this meant the Russian army expended resources holding positions captured in western Poland months after the inconclusive Battle of Lodz, on-going munitions shortages, and defeats at the Masurian Lakes and Gorlice-Tarnow made this untenable. In August 1915, with Russian troops retreating, the Tsar removed Nikolai Nikolaevich to Viceroy of the Caucasus and assumed Supreme Command himself.Grand Duke Nicholas died on January 5, 1929 in France.

27th NOVEMBER 1914

27 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War27th NOVEMBER 1914
Image1 newspapers of the Great War
On 14 November 1914 as part of the 5th Battle Squadron Bulwark was transferred to Sheerness to guard against a possible German invasion of England. Under the command of Captain Guy Sclater HMS Bulwark was destroyed by a large internal explosion for the loss of 736 men. Two of the 14 survivors died later in hospital. The explosion was likely to have been caused by the overheating of cordite charges that had been placed adjacent to a boiler room bulkhead.

In terms of loss of life, the incident remains the second most catastrophic accidental explosion in the history of the Royal Navy, exceeded only by the explosion of the dreadnought battleship Vanguard, caused by a stokehold fire detonating a magazine, at Scapa Flow in 1917.


In 1908, Captain Robert Falcon Scott of Antarctic fame became Bulwark’s commander, becoming the youngest at that time. Bulwark joined the Channel Fleet on 3 October 1908. Under the fleet reorganisation of 24 March 1909, the Channel Fleet became the 2nd Division of the Home Fleet, and Bulwark thus became a Home Fleet unit. She underwent a refit later in 1909. On 1 March 1910, Bulwark commissioned into the reserve at Devonport with a nucleus crew as Flagship, Vice-Admiral, 3rd and 4th Divisions, Home Fleet, at the Nore. She began a refit at Chatham in September 1911, and grounded twice on Barrow Deep off the Nore during refit trials in May 1912, suffering bottom damage From 5 to 9 November 1914, while anchored at Portland, Bulwark hosted the court martial of Rear-Admiral Sir Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge for his actions during the pursuit of the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and light cruiser SMS Breslau in the Mediterranean Sea in August 1914

26th November 1914

26 NOV 14 newspapers of the Great War26th November 1914

25th November 1914

25 nov 14 newspapers of the Great Warnewspapers of the Great War25th November 1914

As Imperial Germany's first practical military aircraft, the Taube ("dove") was used for virtually all military aircraft applications, as a fighter, bomber, surveillance aircraft and trainer from 1910 until the start of World War I in August 1914.
The Taube was very popular prior to the First World War, and it was also used by the air forces of Italy and Austria-Hungary. Even the Royal Flying Corps operated at least one Taube in 1912. On November 1, 1911, Giulio Gavotti, an Italian aviator, dropped the world's first aerial bomb from his Taube monoplane over the Ain Zara oasis in Libya. Once the war began, it quickly proved inferior as a serious warplane and as a result was soon replaced by newer and more effective designs


newspapers of the Great War

24th November 1914

24 nov 14  newspapers of the Great War24th November 1914

On 21st November, 1914, Squadron Commander E.F. Briggs, Flight Commander J.T. Babington, and Flight Lieutenant S.V. Sippe, Royal Navy, carried out an aerial attack on the Zeppelin airship sheds and factory at Friedrickshafen on Lake Constance. Leaving from Belfort, France shortly before 10 a.m. The three pilots flew 125 miles (201 km) over mountainous terrain and in difficult weather - a risky flight near the limit of the aircraft's range. The distance was increased by the need to avoid flying over neutral Switzerland. they arrived over their objective at about noon, and, although under a very heavy rifle, machine-gun and shrapnel fire from the moment they were sighted, they all three dived steeply to within a few hundred feet of the sheds, when they released their bombs — in all eleven.Squadron Commander Briggs was wounded, brought down, and made a prisoner, but the other two officers regained their starting-point, after a flight of more than four hours across hostile country under very bad weather conditions.It is believed that the damage caused by this attack includes the destruction of one airship and serious damage to the larger shed, and also demolition of the hydrogen-producing plant, which had only lately been completed. Later reports stated that flames of considerable magnitude were seen issuing from the factory immediately after the raid. (Although substantial damage was claimed at the time and in some later histories, in fact the actual damage inflicted was slight. The pilots deserve all praise for their admirable navigation... this flight of 250 miles, into gunfire, across enemy country, in the frail little Avro with its humble horse-power, can compare as an achievement with the best of them".)Each received the Distinguished Service Order: The raid was announced by Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, who called it "a fine feat of arms". Flight Commander J.T. Babington later achieved the rank of Air Marshal he passed on 20 March 1979. Flight Lieutenant S.V. Sippe survived the war and passed on 17 November 1968. Briggs survived the war .Gp.Capt. Edward Featherstone Briggs passed in 1963.

23 November 1914

23 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War23rd November 1914

Prince Maurice of Battenberg, KCVO, (Maurice Victor Donald; 3 October 1891 – 27 October 1914) was a member of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, the youngest grandchild of Queen Victoria. He was known as Prince Maurice of Battenberg throughout his life, since he died before the British Royal Family relinquished their German titles during World War I and the Battenbergs changed their name to Mountbatten. The young Prince served in World War I as a lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps, and was killed in service in the Ypres Salient in 1914. He is buried in Ypres Town Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery. A memorial tablet to him and his brother Leopold is in Winchester Cathedral.

21st November1914

21 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War21st November1914

20th November 1914

20 nov 1420th November 1914

Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts served in the Indian rebellion, the Expedition to Abyssinia and the Second Anglo-Afghan War before leading British Forces to success in the Second Boer War. He also became the last Commander-in-Chief of the Forces before the post was abolished in 1904.

Roberts died of pneumonia at St Omer, France, on 14 November 1914 while visiting Indian troops fighting in the First World War.  After lying in state in Westminster Hall (one of two non-Royals to do so during the 20th century, the other being Sir Winston Churchill), he was given a state funeral and was then buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.

19th November 1914

19 nov 1419th November 1914

A Royal Visit to injured colonial troops

29th July 1914

dm 3 UPLOAD29th July 1914

The British press break the news that Austria Hungary declares war on the Serbs

30th June 1914.

dm 2 UPLOAD30th June 1914.

The British press empathies with the loss suffered by the Austrians

29th JUNE 1914

dm 1 upload29th JUNE 1914

The news of the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife breaks