Gallery Solace - The Great War 1914-1918
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31st December 1915
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July 2015

31st July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph It was the start of the bank holiday weekend, and a report on page 5 reveals that there is a big rush of holiday makers in London. However, numbers to the East Coast are down, no doubt due to feat of German raids, with the South Coast benefitting.
The Telegraph was in no doubt that the holiday weekend should be treated as such in war time as much in peace time. In a leader on page 6 it said “let it be a real holiday, spent, if possible, in restful surroundings.” Indeed, those in Britain not having to work “will not assist the cause by sitting at home and, in pessimistic mood, contemplating either errors of the past which, in their opinion, might have been avoided, or dangers ahead which will quite possibly never come to pass.” Indeed, “it would be no bad thing if in British households on Monday anyone who mentioned the war after the early hour when the newspapers are read and discussed were fined, and the proceeds devoted to one of the war funds” as “the triumph of our arms will not be forwarded by talk; it is work that will bring it nearer, and the work will be better and more quickly done in the coming weeks if the bodies and mind of the workers obtain a brief respite.”
If that argument wasn’t enough, then you should think of the children. “They ought not to suffer more than can be avoided because of the enemy’s increasing catalogue of sins.” So whilst it admitted that the Bank Holiday “can hardly be normal” in the present circumstances, everyone should try and have a good time, as it could only be beneficial for the health of the nation, “a fighting asset of incalculable value.”
Also in today’s paper
- “The occasional letters from motorists at the front telling of the behaviour of their cars under abnormal conditions are most interesting,” says the motoring column on page 4 - Hall Caine starts a series of articles on the first year of the war on page 5, although this first one seems to spend most of its time on pre-war occurrences - Ominous news of German successes on page 7, penetrating British trenches and pushing the Russians back to the extent that it was looking like Warsaw would have to be evacuated on page 7. - Pope Benedict XV appeals to the combatants to “put an end to the horrible carnage which, for a year, has disfigured Europe” – page 7. This appeal “has produced a great impression” claims the report - After the Sikhs’ heroism the previous day more stories on Indian gallantry appear on page 8 - Mrs Eric Pritchard joins the holiday spirit with her special designs for women to wear during them on page 10

30th July 1915

 19 year old, Second Lieutenant Sidney Woordoffe would, one hundred years ago today, be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on the notorious Menin Road. In command of A company,  8th Battalion, The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own), his platoon became isolated and surrounded during a German flame-thrower attack on the British lines, having exhausted his ammunition supply, retreated, re-organised his remaining men and went on a counter attack. He was killed while cutting through barbed wire defence. His citation reads:
On 30 July 1915 at Hooge, Belgium, when the enemy had broken through the centre of our front trenches, Second Lieutenant Woodroffe's position was heavily attacked with bombs from the flank and subsequently from the rear, but he managed to defend his post until all his bombs were exhausted. He then skilfully withdrew his remaining men and immediately led them forward in a counter-attack under intense rifle and machine-gun fire, and was killed whilst in the act of cutting the wire obstacles in the open. 2nd Lt. Woodroffe has no known grave and is commemorated at the Menin Gate in Ypres: He is also listed on the Lewes War Memorial

In todays' Daily Telegraph  “For goodness sake tell people at home what a tremendous proposition we are up against here.” At last, over three months after the landings, we have an article on page 6 which gives a more sanguine view of what is actually going on at Gallipoli after all those highlighted before which only serve to reinforce the impression that the campaign is a litany of success for the Allies, as a battalion commander speaks to a Reuter correspondent, who gives a more accurate perspective. It is refreshing, knowing what we do now about what actually happened, to see a paragraph saying “That we are no longer holding on with the skin of our teeth, but are in solid occupation of a zone of about three miles … is a triumph of sheer dogged determination and Homeric courage. But it is an achievement which still leaves the supreme task ahead.” Yes, it still lauds the Allied soldiers, as so many previous articles from there have done, but it does not gloss over how hard it has been for them to achieve any foothold on land, which might come as a surprise to those who have been fed a seemingly endless reportage of victories over demoralised Turks who should be defeated in relatively short order; indeed the article goes on to give a more balanced picture of how things are in the opposing camp. Also in today’s paper - The arrest of ten alleged German agents, of varying nationalities is announced by the Press Bureau – page 7 - A “narrative of imperishable bravery” from the 15th Sikhs with a bombing party where only the officer commanding doesn’t become a casualty, and is awarded the Victoria Cross – page 7 - “A remarkable gathering” at the London Opera House assembles to hear David Lloyd George make a speech which a leader describes as “a song of coal, a sustained lyric of coal, a very pæan of coal” – pages 7 and 8, with the leader on page 6 - A German prisoner of the Russians makes some “interesting statements concerning the doings of the Kaiser on the Eastern front” – page 9. You get the impression that the statement that Wilhelm “only goes to those places where he is safe” is printed to cast aspersions on his character, although to be fair how many of his fellow heads of state put themselves in the firing line? - The Touring Club of France issues a book encouraging cycling tourists to visit that country, although the article on page 11 about it notes “it is no use ignoring the fact that touring facilities are not quite normal”

29th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, - A French family with ten sons fighting in the army is featured on page 8
- The usual spin from Russia – an Imperial Ukase calling up all those born in 1896, eighteen months before they would usually be liable is issued, but “there is nothing at all sensational” about this, as “the same course has been adopted in nearly all the countries now at war,” or so they say – page 9 - There’s “an amazing state of affairs” as revolution breaks out in Haiti, and the President is reported to be among the fatalities in the “Black Republic,” as the Telegraph terms it – page 9 - Its not long after the conquest of German South-West Africa, and the farming possibilities there are already being explored – page 10 - A letter from a German Socialist about the sinking of the Lusitania suggests the decision to sink it did not meet with universal approval in the German navy – page 10 - Today’s letter of appeal – pipes (for smoking) for the troops at Gallipoli – page 10

28th July 1915

In today's Daily Telegraph It was a year since Austria-Hungary’s fateful declaration of war against Serbia which spiralled into a worldwide conflict, and the anniversary was marked by a leader on page 8 which gave the paper another opportunity to abuse that country. It did go over the top though, in its claim that the war was “the outcome of a deeply-considered plot against the liberties of Europe,” but as been seen in the intervening period all’s fair in love and war when attacking the enemy is concerned.
In Parliament (page 9) Herbert Asquith gave an official casualty toll for the war to date, excluding those in German South-West Africa, which brings home the cost to the country in this first year: 61,384 killed, 196,620 wounded and 63,885 missing; add in over 9,000 naval casualties and that’s 330,995 in total, and there were still some days to go before Britain’s anniversary.
Also in today’s paper
- A Lieutenant-Colonel is court-martialled for inviting fellow officers to a gambling-house – page 7. He claims he forgot the regulations
- “It is not possible to reconcile the respective statements of the Russian and German official communiqués” for the fighting around Warsaw, says a report on page 9. Nothing unusual there - With the rising price of coal an issue, coal merchants agree to open new shops in London for the pooper classes – page 9 - Writer Henry James decides to become a British subject, as he is “dissatisfied with the course of action taken by the United States Government with regard to German atrocities” – page 9 - An article on page 10 deals with the fallacy of the belief that “indulgence in luxury on the part of individuals, or groups of individuals, is not altogether to be condemned, ‘because it provides employment for the poor.’”

27th July 1915

26th July 1915

In today's Daily Telegraph The diocese of London had made the previous day a Day of Intercession, and given the Telegraph’s oft parochial nature when it comes to the capital it is no surprise that this was the main story of the day for the paper, and even less surprise to see it covered in so reverent a fashion, although given the main event was a service for 3,000 soldiers at St Paul’s Cathedral, reverence was appropriate. The articles covering the event on pages 9 and 10 might read oddly to people a century on who live in a far more secular and cynical age, but they capture the prevailing ethos back then.
Also in today’s paper
- In the courts a shop assistant is found not guilty of maliciously shooting at a former lover who is German by birth after the judge in his summing up concludes that the lover’s behaviour is no more than you’d expect from someone of that nationality, whilst a coroner is scathing about the conduct of “white feather” women who drove a taxi driver who had been rejected by the army to suicide – page 4
- Selfridge’s entertains about 150 wounded soldiers for an afternoon – page 6
- Welsh soldiers marching through London delight the locals by singing “as only Welshmen know how to sing” – page 7 - Tragedy in Chicago with over 2,000 reported dead after the “capsizing of a ramshackle excursion steamer … in a murky little stream called the Chicago River” – page 9. If you’re wondering why this isn’t more famous the death toll turned out considerably lower, but even at nearly 850 its still a lesser-known serious disaster -The latest country-wide round up is how local authorities are exercising retrenchment – page 10

24th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph “Yesterday was the anniversary of the despatch by Austria of the insolent and overbearing ultimatum which precipitated the European conflict.”
An article on page 8 commemorates this anniversary by belabouring Austria and its “peremptory and insulting categorical demands,” contrasting this with “Serbian reasonableness.” Another article below makes the bizarre claim that “the real culprits of the deaths of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were to be found in Vienna and Budapest.” What a difference almost a year of war makes. Wind back to the paper of July 25 1914, and you’ll see a far more sympathetic tone to Austria and a far less sympathetic one to Serbia.
Also in today’s paper
- General Headquarters reports a week of “minor events” with “some manifestations of activity below ground” – page 4
- The women’s page is inspired by a magistrate’s comments on the rise in young offenders to look at the naughtiness of children in general (page 5). It also has “a most delicious sauce, and quite a new creation” in its hot weather recipes, in the shape of Cold Cucumber Sauce. - The music column on page 6 turns its eye on Italian national music now that country is an ally, as well as patriotic music closer to home” - The Mayor of Margate writes on page 6 asking that he can “use your valuable and most patriotic paper for an appeal to those about to take their holidays” so as to tell them his town is fully open for business - The Editor of “The Outfitter” is a suitable person on page 7 to write about clothing the army and supplies of clothing to civilians - The latest German communiqué on battle for Warsaw is “a fresh instance of the manner in which the German staff deliberate perverts the truth to suit its own convenience” – page 9 - The big news of the day as far as the Telegraph is concerned is King George V visiting munitions workers in Birmingham – page 9 - Alarm in Montreal as aeroplanes are seen in the area and are believed to be reconnaissance missions by German agents in America – page 9 - A German Professor accuses Britain of deliberately engineering the sinking of the Lusitania to inflame American opinion against Germany – page 10 - A lady teacher in Ballarat writes to the Australian wounded from Gallipoli telling them of their country’s pride in them – page 10 - A “curious telegram from Stettin” concerning German girls’ “shameless” behaviour towards French prisoners of war is reprinted on page 10 - “Remarkable scenes of enthusiasm” as General Botha returns to Cape Town after his victory in South-West Africa, as if you’d expect anything else to greet a conquering hero – page 11

23rd July 1915

Todays' Daily Telegraph
 “The greatest battle, not only in this but in any war, is now in progress.” Again the Telegraph was not short of hyperbole in describing the battle now being waged for Warsaw in its leader on page 8. Admittedly “it is being waged by several millions of troops on a front of about 800 miles” so probably was one of the greatest in terms of numbers, but such a statement suggests a struggle of a degree far above the ordinary, and was this really the case? Pages 7 and 9 contain articles on the battle, whilst the leader goes on in the Telegraph’s usual fashion to claim Germany is exaggerating its claims, and then makes the statement “There is never any advantage in concealing the truth, unless by its revelation the enemy may be assisted” which will be news to all those who with the benefit of a vantage point a century on see almost on a daily basis the truth at best being distorted. After all, yet again we have a report on how swimmingly it is going at Gallipoli and the “steady progress of British troops” on page 9, yet we know now how little of this there actually was. Also in today’s paper - King George V calls for a solemn service at St Paul’s Cathedral on August 4 to mark the anniversary of Britain’s entry into the war – page 8 - The Turks are forced back on the Euphrates by the British (page 9) but tribesmen in Persia kill two officers on patrol (page 10) - A judge obliged to watch the execution of five Polish ladies he had sentenced to death for espionage in Vienna goes mad at the sight – page 10


22nd July 1915

The South Wales miners agreed to go back to work, and in todays' Daily Telegraph there is little doubt who should take the credit. As the leader on page 8 put it “It is unfortunately impossible to offer congratulations to anyone but Mr. Lloyd George himself… if we have had occasion in the past to deplore the influence of Mr. Lloyd George’s eloquence, at least he has demonstrated in the past few days that, in association with a tact and suavity of manner above the ordinary, it constitutes a national asset of inestimable value in our day or trial.” Sounds like some congratulations through gritted teeth there.
Pages 9 and 10 detail how the strike was ended.
Also in today’s paper
- Headmistresses complain at young girls standing in the streets of large cities “selling flowers, flags, and other favours, for charitable objects” – page 4 - In “By the Silver Sea” on page 4 the Bournemouth entry announces that “Arrangements are made to convey holiday-makers to places as far distant as Aldershot, Stonehenge, Bridport and Weymouth.” Unless you had a thing about the army, why would you want to go to the first of these if on holiday in Bournemouth? - A German attack on an advanced post on the Ypres-Menin road is described from the despatch from headquarters as “exciting while it lasted” and “a pleasant change from the monotony of trench life” despite the fact lives were lost during it – page 8 - More German advances towards Warsaw, but a report from Zurich reassures readers that they have “no confidence of success” and will “ultimately fail through lack of reinforcements” – page 9 - A Socialist meeting in London turns lively with pacifists protesting at pro-war sentiments, only to be dismissed as people “whining for peace” – page 10 - A German Admiral claims that British merchant steamers and fishing boats are being used as proxies by the Royal Navy, presumably as a justification for submarines’ sinking of them – page 11

21st July 1915

To see today’s 1915 Daily Telegraph in PDF format click here

In todays' Daily Telegraph the “Welsh wizard” did his stuff, and after a day of protracted negotiations a settlement was reached between the Government’s negotiating trio of David Lloyd George, Walter Runciman and Arthur Henderson, the coalowners and the executive of the striking miners, which would be put to a conference of miners’ delegates that day with the recommendation of acceptance. Not that the ministers seemed to be counting chickens as they decided to remain in Cardiff until the conclusion of the conference.
One part of the agreement was that “no one should be penalised for the part taken in the dispute.” Whilst this may have been necessary to achieve an agreement, it did rather make a mockery of the Royal Proclamation banning the strike a week earlier.
Pages 9 and 10 have the details, as well as news on the latter page of an agreement in the Remington dispute in the USA, although oil loaders at a dock then go out themselves.
Also in today’s paper
- Further to the demonstration reported on July 19 by women demanding to be able to work as munition workers a deputation of Suffragettes goes to Parliament seeking “perfect equality with men as regards for all war work they undertake” as well as a protest against high food prices and big profits and a demand for votes for women – page 7. They are thwarted in their aim of meeting David Lloyd George though by his decision to stay in Cardiff (see above) - On page 9 we have British success to the East of Ypres, an Austro-German advance in the East and a “very brilliant achievement by the Italian army in front of Gorizia,” and it’s the British one that gets the least coverage - Another letter appealing for money on page 10, this time by the Lord Mayor of London for a hospital train to replace the “hurriedly improvised and utterly unsuitable ambulance train now in use.” Across the page France gets a gift of 90 ambulances from the Automobile Association and Motor Union of Great Britain.

20th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph the coal strike continued to dominate the news, as “in a day of dramatic surprises” three Cabinet Ministers, including David Lloyd George, journeyed to Cardiff “to discuss with the leaders of the 200,000 miners now on strike in the South Wales coalfield the imperative necessity of an early resumption of work” (page 9). Could the “Welsh Wizard” conjure up a resolution to the dispute?
Across the Atlantic it was ammunition workers who were threatening a dispute of their own. In this case it was “German intrigues” being blamed for the dispute – page 10
Also in today’s paper
- The letter writer on July 15 suggesting that the shooting season be used as a source of good would be disappointed to read on page 3 that there is little appetite for grouse, in response to Lord Lovat moving a bill proposing the shooting season be moved forward a week. On the other hand onions are cheap
- A former police sergeant leads the capture of four machine guns, helped by “the knowledge he had acquired whilst in the force” – page 5 - A “Great Battle for Warsaw” starts on page 9, with an accompanying map on page 11 - An Italian Cruiser is sunk by Austrian submarines after the latter’s battleships refuse to come out and fight, page 9, but given much less prominence on the page is a report of two Austrian submarines being lost. - An article on page 10 on the upcoming German war loan takes the most negative view it can (“Prospects of Failure”). Also on the page the Kaiser is reported to have lost £5 million due to the war - A magistrate observes that war-time crime among children is increasing – page 10 - The recruitment drive in London continues apace with a “siege of buses and trams” – page 11 - The Football Association agrees that players should not be paid in the forthcoming season – page 13

19th July 1915

Frederick Barter VC MC who was featured (left) by the Daily Mirror to guilt the Welsh striking miners survived the Great War. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1918 and later in April the same year his life was saved by an act of heroism by Rifleman Karanbahadur Rana who was awarded the VC for the deed. He retired from the army in 1922 having obtained the rank of captain; He was married on 13 May 1925 to a divorcee, Catherine Mary Theresa Mclaren (nee Wright) of the Heathfield Hotel, Waldron, who died in 1944. They had no children. In 1928 he joined the AEC as a labour manager located at Southall, Middlesex, after trying several business ventures. Barter died at St. Annes Nursing Home, Canford Cliffe, Poole, Dorset, on 15 May 1953 and was cremated.

 In todays' Daily Telegraph the official report on the sinking of the Lusitania, or the “Lusitania Crime” as the Telegraph refers to it, is issued – page 5. Deliberate murder on the part of the Germans is the not at all surprising conclusion. On page 9 another Cunard ship comes under attack - Unseasonable weather hits a recruiting band concert in Chelsea – page 7 - Newhaven is the latest place to have the sale of intoxicating drinks restricted, with a “drastic order” made – page 7 - On the Eastern Front the main fighting is moving towards Warsaw – page 9 - No change in the coal strike – pages 9 and 10. A leader on page 8 doesn’t mince its words, calling the strikers traitors (as do the French on page 10), and unfavourably contrasting them with the women demonstrating their wish to help in the munitions industry during “perhaps the most disagreeable day of the present summer” in “A magnificent muster” reported on pages 9 and 10 - The Prince of Wales receives the Order of the Annunziata from King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy – page 9 - The composition of the Admiralty Inventions Board is revealed on page 9, with such scientific luminaries as J. J. Thompson and Sir Ernest Rutherford involved  Bournemouth Crematorium.

In his honour, two places at Wrexham bear his name. One is known as Barter Road and the other at Hightown, Wrexham, is called Barter Court.

17th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph the Welsh coal strike, or “Coal Crisis” as the Telegraph was calling it, still led the news, with Mr Runciman, President of the Board of Trade, who the coalowners let lead the way in trying to resolve the issue, making new proposals which the Miners were considering.
Our Special Correspondent in Cardiff reported on the “calamitous situation” of the Miner’s “Holiday” although some may find the adjective used to describe the spectacle of “able-bodied men lounging in the streets, whilst the industry in which they are engaged and on which the very life and mobility of the Navy depends is brought by their action to a standstill” as “pitiable” a rather curious one to use.
Pages 9 and 10 have the news on this crisis.
Also in today’s paper
- A musician who has joined up writes of his company’s “almost invariable good taste in music” although they aren’t altogether successful in playing it – page 4 - A leader on page 8 describes the women’s demonstration that afternoon as “one of the most significant and picturesque demonstrations witnessed in London for many years past. It will be a pageant of our times” and accepts “as a result of this war women will acquire a new position for themselves” although “we cannot hope to prophesy what the eventual outcome will be of the new development.” For those interested page 7 has a map of the route of the procession and page 9 has a report on it. - After the news two days earlier of a committee to look at retrenchment, “A Taxpayer” writes on page 8 on how to reduce the national expenditure - Winston Churchill assures a Dutch journalist that the Allies are not looking to pressurise the Dutch over their neutrality, and impresses his interview with his ability to call up “a great rhetorical picture” – page 9 - German advances in the Baltic present a threat to Riga – page 9 - The date that the National Register will be taken is announced – page 9 - General Galliani bans soldiers from buying alcoholic drinks in Paris, although Our Own Correspondent there doubts wine and beer are included in this bar, which would seem to make a mockery of it – page 10 - America chooses its boat for the defence of the America’s Cup – page 10. It seems hard to imagine this is still going on in wartime, even if the defenders are not as yet involved

16th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, “The die is cast. Regardless of the supreme crisis in which the country is involved, utterly deaf to all the dictates of patriotism in a great emergency, cynically ignoring the fact known to all the world that the steady pursuit of their calling furnishes the life-blood of the Navy and of the many industries on which the arming and equipment of his Majesty’s forces depend,” yet alone the fact the Government had made it illegal, the South Wales Miners decided upon their course of strike action by a majority of nearly 2 to 1 – pages 9 and 10. Some caught up in the action admitted the difficulties of their position; as a Pontypridd miners’ agent put it “we have to fight against the law and against the definite resolutions of our own executive … we have all the world against us, except Germany, Austria and Turkey. We are in a tangle. We are like flies in amber, wondering how we got there.”
A leader on page 8 had its suspicions as to who to blame, pointing the finger at the pro-German attitudes of members of the Labour Party and the spread of Syndicalist views, but trusting that in the end the miners “who are by no means unintelligent” will conclude they have nothing to gain and end this action.
Also in today’s paper
- Juxtaposed on page 7 we have an upcoming demonstration by women demanding to be allowed to serve the state by working, an article looking at how they can be usefully employed on the land, and a letter from “A Prisoner of War Returned” telling how German women make munitions
- The Germans start making a move towards Warsaw – page 9 - Austria-Hungary sends a note asking for strict impartiality by America claiming its trading is favouring the Allies – page 9. The Telegraph is not impressed – “Insolent” and “Impudent” are adjectives it gives to this - Another “Brilliant capture of Turkish positions” is reported in the Dardanelles – page 9. Over on page 10 returning injured sailors speak of the “overwhelming superiority in numbers” for the Turks and the difficulties of the terrain, which give about the best hints so far as to why the campaign hasn’t been the resounding success it was expected to be - Germany announces it will confiscate the Belgian harvest for the year, but claims it is so that “all the products may be reserved for the use of the civilian population of Belgium” – page 9 - An article on page 11 about supplying the army talks of “Mountains of tea” and “Cigarettes in millions”

15th July 1915

“I have seen many Fourteenths of July in Paris, but none so moving as to-day.” Ever since the early days of the Telegraph the paper has shown a marked interest in matters across the Channel, particularly in the capital city, so it is hardly a surprise to see the first Bastille Day of the war given plenty of coverage. Pages 9 and 10 tell of how the day was marked, there is the almost inevitable leader on page 8, and for good measure a picture on page 3, presumably from the Flag Day in London, although there is nothing to actually say where.
Not only that but the whole of page 12 is given to two accounts from reporters from the French section of the front; it certainly was to an extent France’s Day in the paper although it is a little surprising there wasn’t more about it in the “By the Silver Sea” round-up on page 13.
Also in today’s paper
- A correspondent on page 4 suggests utilising the upcoming shooting season as a source of national food
- E. Ashmead-Bartlett reports a “prodigal waste of life” in the Dardanelles in his latest despatch on page 9. A soldier’s eye view is also carried on page 11, which includes the priceless headline '“Nuts” in Knickers' - The tried and tested solution comes into play when the Government considers how to retrench – set up a committee (page 9) - A report on a court case concerning “Poor Women’s Money Clubs” does not inspire confidence in such things – page 13

14th July 1915

The Government moved swiftly to deal with the threat of a miners’ strike in South Wales, and in a manner you’d suspect a number of Conservative politicians in later eras would have heartily approved of. No shilly-shallying here – “A Royal Proclamation was issued yesterday declaring that the existence or continuance of the dispute was prejudicial to the manufacture, transport and supply of munitions of war” and it was thus “an offence to take part in a strike or lock-out unless the difference has been reported to the Board of trade, and the Board have not, within twenty-one days of such report, referred it to settlement by one of the methods proscribed in the act.” Thus if the miners went out as threatened, they would be breaking the law and be liable for a fine of up to £5 a day, and imprisonment if they did not pay.
Unsurprisingly “the coalowners have expressed … their readiness to co-operate in any action necessary to carry on the work.” As Our Special Correspondent in Cardiff observed “the men must climb down or else serious trouble will ensue.” Pages 9 and 10 have all the details.
Also in today’s paper
- Two boys are charged for attempting to murder another boy by putting him in a sack – page 3
- On top of France’s Day one week previously it is now French Flag Day, or Bastille Day as we more commonly know it. As an advert on page 6 exhorts: “Every Briton should wear the flag of France today.” Whether it is coincidence that news comes in of the transferral of the ashes of the composer of the Marseillaise to the Invalides today (see page 7) we’ll leave to you to decide - Chancellor of the Exchequer Reginald McKenna reveals that £585 has been subscribed for the War Loan – page 9. Page 10 happily contrasts that with news from America about the bad German financial position. - The experiences of the “New Army” since it arrived at the front are recounted on page 9. Naturally they have done splendidly - “It is uncertain how the situation is going to develop on this front” writes our man in Petrograd on page 9 but it is more than ever clear that the Russians do not intend to take up the Austro-German challenge till such a time as suits themselves.” - A British soldier meets a German neighbour from the Old Kent Road in combat – page 10. Curiously the Germans is described as having “exploited a sausage shop” in that thoroughfare

13th July 1915

The Telegraph was never shy of showing its lack of sympathy to those who were not supporting the war effort in a manner of which it approved, and the language of two articles on page 9 display this today. First we have the “radical malcontents” in the House of Commons, who were given what the paper considered to be appropriately short shrift by Herbert Asquith on behalf of a House of Commons “tired of the antics of these gentlemen.”
Then we have a decision by South Wales miners to strike over wage demands. This the paper considered to be a “fatuous course of action” embarked upon by “extremists” which had brought an “alarming result.” It clearly wasn’t impressed.
Also in today’s paper
- An inquest on a deck-hand of a fishing boat killed in an attack by a German submarine arrives at a verdict of wilful murder against some persons unknown – page 3
- Knight, Frank & Rutley take up all of page 5 with an advert for their estate sales, with Stonehenge pictured among the properties - Among today’s appears can be found one for the Young Women’s Christian Association camouflaged as an article and one for walking sticks for the wounded (both page 7) - Another loss in Africa for the Germans, as a cruiser is sunk in a river – page 9 - Germans in America are accused of putting incendiary bombs on Allied merchantmen – page 9 - A march through London is staged in the ongoing recruiting campaign – page 10, with a picture on page 3 - After the official despatch the previous day on the Second Battle of Ypres comes Perceval Landon’s reporter’s take on page 12 complete with helpful map

12th July 1915

“We publish to-day more than one message relating to the war which will stir every soul to emotion.” So started the leader on page 8 on a day when official messages dominate todays' Daily Telegraph. Centre stage and with the banner headline on page 9 ironically is the least interesting of those, King George V expressing his delight in his navy and Admiral Jellicoe’s reply. Also on this page was one that caused excitement for the Telegraph with the congratulatory telegram Lord Kitchener sent to General Botha, with the suggestion some of the conquering heroes of Namibia might join the war effort in Europe.
There also official documents of a weightier nature. The latest German note in its diplomatic spat with America over the depredations of its U-boats is published on pages 9 and 10. “Amazing document” runs one of the headlines, which suggests the paper isn’t impressed with the contents. And then on pages 12 and 13 comes Sir John French’s official despatch on the Second Battle of Ypres.

10th July 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph there was some good news for the Allies today, as it was revealed that South African forces under Luis Botha “have carried their brilliant campaign against German South-West Africa to a triumphant conclusion” and forced the surrender of German forces in what is now Namibia, thereby adding that land to the Dominions of the British Empire – page 9. The Telegraph was exultant – its leader on page 8 proclaiming that “the campaign just concluded must stand in history as one of the more remarkable in the annals of our Empire” and Botha’s victory “is the climax of one of the most amazing romances in the history of the British World-State,” which was probably true considering he was the enemy little more than a decade previously. And if this wasn’t enough, readers could find out more about the campaign on page 6 and see a map of most of the newly-conquered territory.
Also in today’s paper
- “Beer, so inseparably associated with the life of the average German, has become a luxury in the Fatherland” due to a dearth of barley, but England has no such problem – page 4. The article ges on to reveal that “the patriotism of many people” in England “makes them suspicious of the word “lager.”
- The editor of the West Essex Gazette is fine for publishing information about the Royal Navy, as it is deemed to be potentially useful to the enemy – page 4
- The Russian victory near Lublin is proclaimed to have fatally prevented the realisation of the Austro-German plan of attack in the region – page 9 - Lord Kitchener’s been busy – visiting the front (where his presence is interestingly given more prominence than that of Herbert Asquith who was also there) and giving a “stirring appeal for men” as it is his turn to give a speech at London’s Guildhall to boost the recruiting campaign – pages 9 and 10 - Another attempt is made on the life of the Sultan of Egypt (see April 9 for the previous one) – page 9 - An American journalist predicts “The Allies will be victorious.” – page 9. If he had predicted the opposite, would it have been reported though?

8th July 1915

“ In todays' Daily Telegraph no one can read without a thrill of exaltation” the reports from Gallipoli, claims a leader on page 8 on “a victory unique even in our annals.” Knowing as we do the outcome of this campaign it all reads so hollowly what is being proclaimed at the time. And still the reports come of how well it is allegedly going out there - page 9 rumours of “a serious reverse to the Allies” are discounted and it is claimed that “it was the Turks who suffered a sanguinary defeat.”
Also in today’s paper
- The latest General Headquarters report on page 7 provides news of German tactics of strike prevention in occupied zones, including imprisonment and starvation
- The attack on J. P. Morgan takes a new turn as his assailant is found dead from suicide in his cell, and is revealed to be a former Professor of German at Harvard on the run since his wife was found poisoned by arsenic – page 9
- The way “France Day” was marked the previous day is reported on pages 9 and 10 - A debate on the National Registration Bill reveals that women were included in the provisions after “Ministers were inundated with protests from representative women of all classes, who took their proposed exclusion as a serious affront” – page 10. Some sarcasm is levelled at opponents of the bill, the expression of such sentiments being dismissed as “an exhibition of facetiousness” - MPs visit a concentration camp at Alexandra Palace and find the Germans there have little cause for complaint – page 10 - It seems odd on the review of the not-very-excitingly titled play “Enterprising Helen” to see the title character at the bottom of the cast list – page 10

7th July 1915

“In todays' Dailly Telegraph Great Britain to-day will offer a tribute of admiration and affection for her gallant French Ally unique in spontaneity and completeness.” To assist the French Red Cross it was France’s Day, where the country could donate to show her gratitude and respect to a country “who was once our sweet enemy, and is now our closest friend” as a leader on page 8 to mark the day described it. Page 9 has details of what was being organised to make the day go off successfully.
Also in today’s paper
- An official despatch from General Sir Ian Hamilton from the Dardanelles is reprinted on pages 4 and 6
- The report of a concert in aid of the Polish Relief Fund on page 7 concentrates on the new Elgar work premiered at it
- Sir John French reports the capture of some German trenches – page 9 - A number of coastal areas have restrictions on the sale and supply of intoxicating liquor, with a lot of the North-East coming under the enforcement – page 9

5th July 1915

3rd July 1915