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October 2015

31st October 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 31 st October 1915.

The translation is: Constantinople! Or the latest desire of the Bosch...

Yes, but there are bayonets on the road.

30th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Readers today woke to the shocking news that King George V had had an accident whilst visiting the troops in France. A brief medical report announced that he was severely bruised after he fell from his horse when, excited by the cheers of the troops, it had reared up. Fortunately for the paper Philip Gibbs was on hand to provide more details (page 9) of an incident which a leader on page 8 confidently proclaimed would only intensify the “devotion both of his Army in the field and of his subjects at home.”
How important this news was can be shown by the way it displaces Edith Cavell’s memorial service from the main headline, which nevertheless gets the full reporting works from Hall Caine on pages 9 and 10, alongside several other articles concerning her execution (or murder, as the paper prefers to regard it)
Also in today’s paper
- In the law court reports today, an “interesting judgment” over an appeal in a case concerning a man sued for breaking off an engagement on the grounds his fiancée was unfit to be married, and “a matter of considerable importance to builders” with man suing the building firm he used to work for before he was paralysed after falling from a walkway consisting of two planks – page 4. Meanwhile a headmaster wins an appeal against being fined for assaulting a pupil by caning him in what a doctor described as a “good thrashing” as the Recorder comes down on his side, accusing those who express the idea that no boy should be beaten as having flabby sentimentality on page 11
- Cheltenham reports an increased visitor trade thanks to the war – page 7 - The usual war of words over what is happening spreads to the Serbian arena, with the Germans and French making claim and counter-claim over the progress of the fighting there – page 8 - An article is pleased to proclaim on page 9 that “several brilliant editorials and special articles” in American journals proclaim the view that the Allies will win the war. Bet they wouldn’t have been described as brilliant if they had concluded likewise - The official number of British casualties since the start of the war edges towards the half a million mark – page 9 - Erstwhile Gallipoli commander Sir Ian Hamilton received a hearty send-off on his departure, it is reported on page 9. Meanwhile there is the belated publication of the latest despatch from Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, it being six weeks old, on page 11 - The price of butter is predicted to fall as the Danish government arranges cheaper supplies – page 10 - A list of 19 German ships reported to have been sunk by British submarines in the Baltic is given on page 11. They all appear to be merchant ships, of the sort the paper would fulminate against German pirates if their British counterparts were sunk likewise - “Policewomen have come to stay” reports the women’s page on page 12. Next to this, among the recipes on the page this week is braised stuffed cabbage.

29th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Well over two weeks after her execution and Edith Cavell was still a dominant figure in the paper. Westminster City Council had offered a site for the proposed memorial (pages 9 and 10, with a map showing its location on page 7), which a leader on page 8 considered to be “one of the most notable resolutions ever passed by a London municipal authority.” Add in details of the “national tribute” at her memorial service in St. Paul’s Cathedral (page 8), an “In Memoriam” piece on pages 9 and 10 and a “Full German Account” in a German newspaper, as well as several smaller articles and readers’ tributes on page 10, and the flames lit by the news of her death showed no signs of dying down.
Also in today’s paper
- An account by a German of a French air raid on wherever he is living is reprinted on page 7 in considerably tamer terms than reports of Zeppelin raids on Britain get
- Philip Gibbs provides a lengthy report of King George V’s visit to the army in France on page 9
- A school fire in Massachusetts sees scores of children killed or injured – page 9 - General Botha sues a man who accused him of purloining 134 bars of gold for slander – page 9 - More from Leonard Spray in Rotterdam in Germany’s “reign of terror” in Belgium on page 11 - It will be of little surprise given the labour disputes there during the year to see that the employment of Portuguese and Spanish miners at a Welsh colliery angers the staff, who threaten yet another strike unless the offending foreigners are deported; “a most unfortunate circumstance that another cause of labour trouble should in this way have been introduced into the Welsh coalfield” the article concludes – page 13 - Marylebone police court hears a case concerning men who have looted dead officers’ luggage whilst in transit to their relatives – page 14. In a lighter legal vein on the same page an authoress sues W. H. Smith for allegedly, along with publishers and librarians, for boycotting her novels as well as slanderously describing them as immoral

28th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;- Labour leader Arthur Henderson, in his capacity of President of the Board of Education, calls upon male teachers to enlist in the services – page 8
- The Serbs recapture a town from the Bulgarians, but elsewhere the invading Bulgars are reported to have linked up with the Germans in the country – page 9
- King George V expresses his “profound admiration” for the French army in an Order of the Day reported on page 9
- Art lovers are horrified when an Austrian destroys a Tiepolo painting in a raid on Venice – page 9 - The Christmas wish lists of various German commanders are deemed amusing reading by our man in Rotterdam – page 9 - Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett gives a talk on the Dardanelles campaign to a “brilliant” audience – page 10 - A display of captured German guns is made on Horse Guards Parade – page 11, with a photo on page 3 - The final report over maintaining and increasing food production in England and Wales get comprehensively covered on page 11 - A former officer is tried over having obtained money from a dishonoured cheque but is bound over as he is enlisting as a private “so that we could wipe out his lapse from the path of honesty” – page 13

27th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; the Telegraph considered the news of more disclosures about German plots in the United States as they key story today, giving it pride of place on page 9, with what would be an almost inevitable leader on page 8 on the subject, given the opportunity this gave the paper to embark upon another line of attack on the Germans – “complete disregard of all the restraints of decency and honour” was today’s choicest piece of obloquy.
Also on page 9 France was still announcing success for its troops in Serbia, although former Foreign Secretary Lord Lansdowne was giving a gloomy outlook for that country’s chances in the current situation, and there was more on George V’s visit to France, whilst over on page 10 a meeting was held in London’s Guildhall to initiate “what is intended to be a national campaign for the promotion of the welfare of motherhood and infancy” which had the backing of a number of influential people, Sir Percy Scott was able to inform an inquest into a Zeppelin raid victim that more guns had been made available for the defence of London, details of Edith Cavell’s memorial service in St Paul’s Cathedral were given, and there was a more limited coverage of W.G. Grace’s funeral that you might have expected give the coverage of his death. Otherwise, it was pretty much same old, same old today.

26th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;  The French Relief Fund appears to be proving a popular cause – a list of donors in the classified advertisements takes up over half of page 1 and all of page 2
- Certain publications of the Labour Party are ordered to be destroyed after a court hearing reported on page 4
- Philip Gibbs’ latest despatch form the front concerns the readying for another winter campaign – page 7
- An eyewitness account of the Armenian massacres appears on page 7 - An interview with the German Governor-General of Belgium in a German paper gives rise to some “remarkable claims” over what is happening there – page 7 - A good day for French troops on page 9, with “brilliant success” reported in the Champagne against the Germans, and a “severe check” inflicted on the Bulgarians in Serbia - George V pays a visit to his army in France, and the papers are authorised to report this fact – page 9 - Austria launches an air raid on Venice, but fortunately most of the bombs are reported to have fallen into the lagoons – page 9 - The German Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs defends its execution of Edith Cavell to an American journalist, as donations to the Shilling Fund more than double in one day – pages 9 and 10. He might also have to explain how a man attached to the Foreign Office staff has been arrested in the possession of explosives in America in due course (page 11)

25th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Whilst the fighting in Serbia appeared to be going badly for that nation and her Allies (page 9) the execution of Edith Cavell was still dominating news closer to home. Whilst Home Secretary Sir John Simon was unfavourably contrasting her treatment to that meted out by the Allies to an American journalist in an article calling the execution “The Great Crime” the Telegraph’s shilling fund for a memorial to the “martyr nurse” had over the weekend already raised over 5,000 shillings (£250), and various luminaries were giving their support (pages 9 and 10), as was a French newspaper which called her “the Joan of Arc of England.” The Americans were also in sympathy as evinced by a leader from the New York Times reprinted on page 10.
And there was another death to report about at home as well, although in this case not due to the war. W. G. Grace, “the finest all-round cricketer who ever donned flannels” as a leader on Grace on page 8 calls him, goes to the great cricket ground in the sky, and page 7 pays due tribute to him.
Also in today’s paper
- A rather horrendous roll of honour today, covering part of page 2 and most of page 3 for the NCOs and men and a good portion of page 5 for the officers.
- Lord Derby expresses confidence that his new measures for recruiting will save the voluntary system, and the trade union leaders out campaigning for recruits have a similar message – page 7. Meanwhile the King’s appeal for men to join up is reprinted on page 8 - Philip Gibbs tries to alleviate “a sense of perplexity in the minds of people at home as to the exact meaning of what is happening, or what is failing to happen” at Loos in a despatch on page 10 - Amazingly nothing whatsoever on the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Agincourt. You’d have thought in wartime one of England’s greatest victories would be celebrated, even if the defeated party was now an ally

24th October 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 24th October 1915.

The translation is “The military medal General! It’s appropriate that I stand to receive it."

23rd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph
You could call today appeal day in the paper. The central place on the main news page (page 9) is given over to “a lofty appeal to the patriotism of the people” by King George V, with a facsimile image of the “ringing summons to duty which cannot and will not be ignored by the King’s loyal subjects” which receives a ringing endorsement form a leader on page 8.
Then on page 9 comes the launch of the Telegraph’s shilling fund for 1915, although the previous year’s Belgian one has not been closed. This is in response to a letter from one Norman Forbes Robertson, who was so incensed by the execution of Edith Cavell, “ruthlessly butchered by the Huns” as he puts it, that he proposes a Telegraph appeal fund for a monument to the nurse, already has a Royal Academician lined up to make a sculpture for it, and launches the fund with 100 shillings (£5). The Telegraph’s proprietors were more than happy to accede to this request, and added £1,000 shillings (£50) of their own to get the ball rolling. The outcome of this appeal can still be seen in St Martin’s Place, London.
Meanwhile the National Egg Collection for wounded soldiers and sailors appeals for help on page 7, in an article with the mind-boggling figures that it has collected 11 million eggs for the cause so far, but claims it needs another 100,000 eggs a day for its work, whilst on page 12 the National Political Land League Council appeals for more women workers on the land.
Also in today’s paper
- A Commercial Correspondent writes on what is “by no means the least thrilling chapter to be written” of the war – Germany’s shady commercial machinations (page 6)
- The Allies start bombarding Bulgarian ports – page 9 - The latest news from Serbia gives “a decidedly grave impression of the position of the Serbian army” – page 9
- An account of the final interview with Edith Cavell, from the British Chaplain at Brussels on the night before her execution, is reprinted on pages 9 and 10 - Looks like bad news for the Austrians on page 10, with the Russians announcing a victory in Galicia and the Italians a “vigorous offensive on a wide front” - A reader registers his outrage on page 10 at a naturalised German being able to run a garage, and argues given his experiences of motoring past an ammunition works without being challenged, that no enemy alien should be permitted to own a motor car for the duration of the war
- French commander General Joffre tells an American reporter “Peace to-day would be a crime against posterity” – page 11 - A nephew of the Bulgarian Tsar Ferdinand is reported to have been blinded by an acid attack by his mistress – page 11. The report ignores the fact he’s a third cousin to George V - Henry Ford gives $10,000 to the Canadian Red Cross and declares his sympathies are pro-Ally to mollify his Canadian workers after upsetting them with a speech against the British war loan – page 11
- The women’s page (page 12) looks at how women are assisting the war effort, as well as jobs their sisters across the Atlantic do, including washing paper money; a good day’s washing consists of dealing with 35,000 bills apparently

22nd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph a full report of the proceedings in reference to the unfortunate nurse, Miss CAVELL, who was executed by the German authorities in circumstances of cold-blooded cruelty. Universal horror and indignation will be felt and expressed in every country – except, of course, a Teutonic one – when the real facts are known.” To describe Edith Cavell as an “unfortunate nurse,” as the leader on page 8 which found a new cause to castigate the Germans for, seems to be understating things somewhat. The leader acknowledged that technically she was in the wrong, and wondered, ironically for such an article, whether “all comment is not superfluous” in this case, not that it was holding back – “Nothing, probably, can now brand with fouler infamy the German name, stained as it is by all the damning items in its past record, from Louvain and the Lusitania down to the murder of an English nurse,” and “Our enemy has incurred the disgust and loathing of all honourable and merciful men in Europe and America” for example. Pages 9 and 10, meanwhile, contain the lengthy documentation of the case. Also in today’s paper - There is disquiet in Italy over the Allies’ treatment of Greece, according to E. J. Dillon in Rome, who seems to fear their monarchs leading them over to supporting the Central Powers, whilst the situation in Serbia is reported to be critical – page 9 - The Dutch play tribute to London performers carrying on in the middle of the recent Zeppelin raid – page 9, whilst on the subject of the raids on page 10 the Home Secretary gives his reasoning for declining to set up a system of warning people of incoming raids - Lord Derby writes a letter to the editor on page 9 stressing his wish to gain the co-operation of employers for his recruitment scheme – page 9 - Given the coverage the day before, the charitable “Our Day” seems almost relegated with positioning of reports on the day, alongside the celebration of Trafalgar Day, on page 11

21st October 1915

In today' Daily Telegraph: You couldn’t miss the fact it was the charitable “Our Day” in the paper today. A full page advert on page 5 accompanied by one for an upcoming fairy tale book created by the Telegraph for the French Red Cross on page 6 and one for a special Times supplement on page 12, plus a leader on the matter and poem by G. K. Chesterton on page 8, as well as an article on pages 9 and 10 all cover the topic. Would all this inspire readers to give generously?
Certainly being generous was the British government, who were offering Cyprus to the Greeks if they should enter the war on the Allied side – page 9.
Also in today’s paper
- The National Farmers Union propose increasing the cost of dog licences, excepting working dogs, citing the “monstrous waste” by women feeding their “miserable little pet dogs” – page 4
- Licensed Victuallers have “reached the limit of forbearance” over attacks and restrictions on their trade, they say at a conference reported on page 7 - Two days after his letter of appeal in the paper Sir Robert Baden-Powell has another suggesting scoutmasters man the Y.M.C.A. recreation huts – page 7 - Sir Edward Carson explains his resignation from the Government is due to his disagreement with a Government policy, believed to be that concerning Gallipoli and the Balkans – page 9 - “The precise military situation in Serbia is still very obscure, and such telegrams as reached London yesterday were conflicting in character” says the report on the situation there on page 9 which still tries to sum it up as best it can - London’s authorities plan to licence women as bus and tram conductors, thus in their belief freeing up them men employed as such to enlist – page 9 - The Pope and King Alfonso of Spain make pleas on behalf of those sentenced to death by the Germans in Belgium – page 9

20th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: Two weeks after the Earl of Derby was announced in his new role directing recruiting for the Army we saw the first fruits of his work in today’s paper, as page 9 reports his speech at the Mansion House detailing how he proposed to provide “the men whom the military authorities consider necessary for maintaining the strength of our armies in the field and for bringing the war to a successful conclusion.” This would be achieved by dividing the men of the country (presumably on the National Register) into 46 groups, 23 each of unmarried and married men, and concentrating on the former first; although the number of groups does seem rather overelaborate it is by age so presumably it is basically year groups. However, although he said this “is the last effort on behalf of Voluntary service” the description of his plan in the paper doesn’t seem to give much impression that there is much voluntary about it, unless it has missed something out. Nevertheless, a leader on page 8 considered the scheme as “a sound and promising one” and fervently hoped it would succeed, as it foresaw a lot of trouble ahead if conscription became necessary. Also in today’s paper - Today’s new appeal – the Admiral of the Fleet launches an appeal for funds to help the schooling of naval officers’ daughters in a letter on page 7 - More German merchant shipping falls foul to the “liveliest activity” displayed by British submarines in the Baltic – page 9. Not that the Telegraph considers these to be “pirates” like German submarines who act likewise - Italy joins the list of Allied countries to have declared war on Bulgaria, announced in a rather flowery manner on page 9 - The first wounded Allied troops engaged in the Serbian fighting arrive at Salonika – page 9 - Prime Minister Asquith is laid low by gastro-intestinal catarrh – page 9 - More on Edith Cavell’s execution as part of a German “reign of terror in Belgium” on page 10

19th October 1915

Leonard James Keyworth VC was killed in action on this day in Abbeville, France.  As a 21-year-old Keyworth performed an act of bravery for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross. His Citation reads:

For most conspicuous bravery at Givenchy on the night of 25-26th May, 1915. After the assault on the German position by the 24th Battalion, London Regt, efforts were made by that Unit to follow up their success by a bomb attack, during the progress of which 58 men out of a total 75 became casualties. During this very fierce encounter Lance-Cpl Keyworth stood fully exposed for 2 hours on the top of the enemy's parapet, and threw about 150 bombs amongst the Germans, who were only a few yards away.

In todays' Daily Telegraph: Perhaps it was because it was a relatively fresh development, but the renewed fighting engendered by the invasion of Serbia was clearly the significant news today, given the multifacted coverage on page 4 (with another map which displays the area but gives little clue as to where the fighting might be, despite its title of “Allied Campaign in the Balkans”), page 8, page 9, page 10 and page 11. Even so, the banner headline on page 9 concentrated on the resignation, for reasons yet to be discovered, of Sir Edward Carson from the Cabinet, a situation given added dimension by Irish Nationalist John Redmond’s speech (page 10) alluding to the internal and external dangers threatening this body.
It wasn’t just in the Cabinet that change was afoot, as the Dardanelles campaign had a new commander, with General Sir C. C. Monro replacing General Sir Ian Hamilton, who is according to the official statement “returning to England to make a report,” which surely even at the time must have seemed a slightly odd way of bowing out. Given that E. Ashmead-Bartlett’s latest Dardanelles despatch on pages 9 and 10 concentrates on the work to date of the destroyers there is more than a hint that land operations are not going to plan there.
Also in today’s paper
- Sir Robert Baden-Powell devises a scheme that every Scout gives the proceeds of one day’s work towards a fund for a new ambulance with any over given towards a recreation hut – page 3
- A woman is remanded after poisoning her husband’s tea – page 4. Her defence was the laziness of her husband drove her to it - Forty-six Chinamen are sent to prison for three months after absenting themselves from a steamer – page 5 - Another case of an article reading as much as an advert on page 5 on the food value of the Royal Whitstable oyster - A “sensational” fight in the air between British and German seaplanes is documented by a territorial officer on page 7 - A “splendid response” is reported to the plans for the upcoming charitable “Our Day” (see October 12) – page 11 - Sir Claude Phillips reports on the measures, “truly remarkable in their complexity and completeness,” taken for the protection of the “incomparable monuments and art treasures” of Venice, and going back to the tenor of his recent articles, compares them favourably with what is happening in London – page 12

18th October 1915

16th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;  Buried at the bottom of page 9 today is the first report of what will be the Telegraph’s latest cause celebre, as the Press Bureau informs the world that nurse Edith Cavell had been executed by the Germans for assisting Allied soldiers to escape from Belgium. This small article gives little hint as to what is to come as regards this news.   Also in today’s paper:   - It’s the turn of the Church Army to take out a full-page advert appealing for money to build rest huts for servicemen – page 5. Just to reiterate the point there is an article on the appeal on page 7   - A row over the dismissal of a matron from an officers’ war hospital leads to a mass resignation of nurses – page 7   - Great Britain informs Bulgaria a state of war exists between the two countries due to her alliance with the Central Powers and declaration of war on Serbia – page 9  - The Earl of Derby announces details of his new scheme for increasing the supply of men to the Army – page 9  - A special cable from a Special Correspondent reports on being at the front with the Russian army – pages 9 and 10, whilst Philip Gibbs reports about an “unreal and fantastic” experience on the British front on page 10  - Another night-club is closed after the magistrate deems it more a “drinking and dancing shop” than a proper club – page 13

15th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The previous day a report of a Zeppelin raid gave a picture of a raid of limited effect. However, the Press Bureau’s description of it printed today on page 9 gives a somewhat different picture. From eight killed in the original report the death toll has multiplied sevenfold to 56, with 114 injured. Even so, it still maintained the line that only “some houses were damaged and several fires started, but no serious damage was killed to military material.” If that’s the case, just how were there that many fatalities?   It was also looking like those affected by the raids had had enough, given the demand for reprisals for the raids at a meeting in London reported on page 7   Also in today’s paper   - A number of German steamers have been torpedoed in the Baltic, with the paper clearly desperate to make the number as large as possible from the manner of its reporting – page 8   - A correspondent suggests the Foreign Office employ Telegraph reporter Dr. E. J. Dillon “in some position of responsibility and power” due to his “great ability, extraordinary sagacity and unsurpassed knowledge and experience of men and things in all the countries of Europe” in a letter on page 8  - A London theatre production is moved to afternoon matinée performances only in a response to public demands, but the West-end Theatrical Managers’ Association sees no need to dispense with evening performances – page 8  - Although there were reports of Bulgaria already invading the country in the last two days, it is only today that news of her official declaration of war on Serbia is reported – page 9. Greece meanwhile doesn’t regard the attack as coming under the terms of her treaty of alliance with Serbia as it regards it as an extension of the main war rather than a new one, and so will stay out of it  - A. Beaumont writes on “Interesting scenes” when the Allied troops landed in Salonika and the recapture of a Serbian village from the Bulgarians on page 10, although it does seem a tad odd that he is despatching these articles from Milan until the articles reveal he is copying reports from a local newspaper  - An appeal for help for the Armenian victims of the Turks appears on page 11  - Dame Nellie Melba raises money for the Canadian Red Cross at a concert in Montreal – page 11  - A solicitor’s clerk is prosecuted for assaulting a wounded soldier engaged on recruiting duty in the street in what his employer sees as a test case over such instances – page 14

14th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The issue of night-clubs was clearly one that was exercising the Telegraph at present, as the Government’s bill to amend the law over their regulation was presented in Parliament (pages 6 and 9). Another leader on the subject duly appeared on page 8, which praised this “wise and temperate war measure” while condemning the “swindlers and harpies” who are involved with them. And as if to show why such a measure was needed page 4 contains a report from the courts of a London night-club being closed after its activities meet with official displeasure.
Also in today’s paper:
- A reader sends in a poem, “On the Roll of Honour,” which is published on page 8
- The French accuse Bulgaria of stabbing Serbia in the back, whilst reports suggest Russia is preparing an attack on the former – page 9
- London is raided again by Zeppelins, and eight people are killed despite the official statement saying the material damage is small – page 9 - The Germans claim they are on the verge of an agreement to buy the Romanian wheat harvest, but an Italian correspondent in Paris claims Romania is preparing to join the Entente powers – page 9 - Another belated despatch from the Dardanelles on page 11, this one being seven weeks old

13th October1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; “A new and eventful page in the history of this deplorable war” was how a leader on page 8 described the invasion of Serbia, which took on a new aspect today as in a development that would have come as no great surprise Bulgaria joined in and invaded the country herself (page 9). This was to the Telegraph another example of the “ingratitude, perjury and treacherousness of the ruler of the Bulgarian people” as Tsar Ferdinand took another battering in the paper’s columns – “the victim of his own vanity and self-seeking” by a Teutonic ruler acting at Germany’s catspaw was how the paper (and given the tone of other articles many in the Allied powers) was viewing him. However, given it had lost to Serbia (as well as Greece) in the Second Balkan War two years’ previously, was it really any surprise that the country should join forces with countries who gave it the opportunity to avenge this?
Also in today’s paper
- Horlick’s takes out a full-page advert on page 5 to try and persuade people to buy a tin of malted milk tablets to be send to their nearest and dearest on service
- A new appeal for the relief of Belgians says that £218,750 is required each week to meet their needs – page 7
- The Battle of Loos is relegated to little more than a footnote on page 10 today - Woodrow Wilson says it is time for the country to know which of its citizens are for America first, and which still have loyalties to countries of their birth elsewhere – page 10

12th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: It was a busy day in the court and tribunal systems, with quite a variety of cases heard. Page 5 has a collection of these, which include a member of the Anti-German Lecture League being prosecuted after interrupting a service at a German church in London, a workman falling foul of a tribunal for deliberately slacking in order to get dismissed from his job, a London publican being fined for allowing too much light to escape from his establishment, and an inquest hearing of a suicide of a Russian dancer after his wife runs off with a fellow dancer with whom she had been living and bore a child before her marriage which makes you wonder what possessed her to marry the subject of the inquest.
Also in today’s paper
- Serbia claims to have inflicted significant casualties on the invading Austro-German army – page 9
- Greece tells the Allies her neutrality will be benevolent in character towards them – page 9
- Sir John French proclaims that the Germans have suffered a “very severe reverse” on the British front – page 9 - The Earl of Derby holds a conference about recruiting in Downing Street, but our report is forced to speculate as everybody involved “observed the strictest reticence about what had transpired” – page 9 - A reporter from Salonika suggests Bulgaria’s drift towards entering the war on the side of the Central Powers isn’t universally popular in that country – page 10 - France shows off its aircraft industry to British and American journalists – page 10 - Home Secretary Sir John Simon defends the work of British censors (see criticism the previous day) – page 10 - The Baronet Sir Oswald Mosley, grandfather of the infamous Fascist, dies – page 10 - A report on page 11 reveals that October 21 has been designated “Our Day” for Red Cross and St John Ambulance fund-raising

11th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The Earl of Selborne is critical of the censorship of bad news and exaggeration of good news in a speech to Yorkshire agriculturalists, saying such practices perform a public disservice – page 6 - “Under a penalty of £100 and six months’ imprisonment with hard labour, “treating” to intoxicating liquor in the metropolis [i.e. London] is prohibited from to-day” – page 8. The punishment does seem a tad excessive - Both the British and French report mowing down Germans who counter-attacked them at Loos – page 9 - Austro-German forces occupy Belgrade – page 9 - The Labour Party plays a key role in the success of a recruiting demonstration in Cardiff – page 10

9th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; It was officially confirmed that Serbia had been invaded by Austro-German forces, whilst “for all practical purposes a state of war already exists” between Bulgaria and the Allies. Although Greece proclaimed that she was following a policy of armed neutrality, the war was clearly opening up on a new front in the Balkans at the end of what a leader article described as an “anxious week” (page 8; reports on page 9.)
Also in today’s paper
- “The war has brought the Young Men’s Christian Association into its own” claims an article about the welfare work they have done for the military on page 5
- A letter on page 5 appeals for young lads just out of school to train as waiters, so that the hospitality trade will not have to be reliant on alien employees
- One delegate at a conference of women members of sanitary authorities notes that “it was extremely difficult to get people to recognise that personal cleanliness not only conduced to their own health, but to the health of others” as well as deploring the lack of baths provided by some local authorities in housing schemes – page 7 - A. J. Balfour condemns the Armenian massacres in a letter reprinted on page 8, next to a leader article on the subject which condemns “foul deeds which brand with an eternal stigma the honour alike of Turkey and those Powers whose ally she is.” - The Russians believe Germany is bringing her offensive on the Eastern Front to a close – page 9 - “The income-tax, complicated enough before in all conscience, has now become a veritable maze, a labyrinth of bewildering confusion, through which the most expert of experts must pick his explanatory way with the utmost caution and diffidence,” writes Our Civil Service Correspondent on page 11. Plus ça change… - More recipes for invalids (see October 5) on page 12 today, including Whiting with Oysters and Grilled Fillets of Pheasant. The article does acknowledge they might “appear a trifle expensive at first glance”

8th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Whilst the paper was celebrating a “success of high importance” by the French in the Champagne in the leader on page 6 (backed by a report from a British press representative there on page 8 and another map which actually tells little on page 5) it was also forced to note in this editorial that “events seem to be hurrying to a climax in South-Eastern Europe.” This they certainly were, as reports from Germany stated that she and Austria-Hungary had invaded Serbia, whilst Russia’s Quadruple Entente allies had followed her in breaking off diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, although there was still no news of the latter entering the war or invading Serbia herself even if the Germans were claiming a Russian naval attack on the country (page 7). Yet despite these developments the banner headline on the same page concentrated on the smaller news that British troops had landed at Salonika, hardly the most major development of the day!
Also in today’s paper
- A House of Lords committee examines who should be responsible for the licencing of London’s massage houses, amid concerns about the employment of women for immoral purposes in them – page 4
- It appears there might have been a degree of overzealousness in the darkening of London’s streets – page 6
- The Labour Party signs up to the latest recruiting campaign, if only to get behind it as a means of preventing the introduction of conscription – page 6 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his engagement – page 7 - Another 77 repatriated British prisoners of war return home, with “stories of suffering” – page 8 - Our Own Correspondent in Paris enjoys a new revue in the city poking fun at the Germans – page 8 - Queen Mary appeals for more comforts for the troops to be made by women – page 8

7th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Attention  turned from Bulgaria to Greece, with the “bombshell” news that the Greek Premier Eleftherios Venizelos and his Cabinet had resigned. Although no reason was given, it appeared that the mobilisation in response to that of Bulgaria had opening up fissures in the Government, with the King no longer able to support the policy of the Cabinet, and several ministers in that body declining to support their Premier in a parliamentary vote of confidence.
Whether this would affect the “most cordial welcome” the Allied troops at Salonika had received remained to be seen, but with Russia breaking off diplomatic relations with Bulgaria after receiving what she regarded as an unsatisfactory reply to her ultimatum, it was hardly the most opportune moment for such an “acute crisis” to develop. Page 9 has all the stories.
Also in today’s paper
- Inventor Guglielmo Marconi gives his impressions of a visit to the Franco-British fronts – page 4
- German politician Count Reventlow gives Turkey his full backing in massacring its “unreliable, bloodthirsty, riotous” Armenia inhabitants – page 7 - The Government prepares to put a bill through Parliament to deal with night clubs in London – page 9. After its polemic a couple of days earlier this will no doubt please the Telegraph. Meanwhile music-goers in the capital are not letting the lighting restrictions interfere with their activities (pages 9 and 10)

6th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, Bulgaria’s expected entry in the war continued to produce twist and turns, today’s being the news that the Russian ultimatum had been delivered later than thought (not that it had received a reply) on page 9, and the somewhat unbelievable report on page 8 that the Turks had bribed her to come in on the Central Powers’ side with a promise of granting her their capital of Constantinople. It was the turn of Tsar Ferdinand to receive abuse in the leader article, as the paper called him “the ambitious trickster in Sofia” (page 8).
The developing situation in the Balkans inspired the paper to reprint an article by Dr. E. J. Dillon written in January, which took up almost half of page 10 should readers be so inspired to see it again.
Also in today’s paper
- The President of the Miners’ Federation outlines his opposition to conscription, claiming its introduction would mean the country is aping German-style militarism – page 7
- The Earl of Derby is made director of recruiting for the Army – page 9. We’ll see plenty of him in this role in the paper - The article on new drinking restrictions for London has some doubt as to how well these will be received in the capital – pages 9 and 10 - The anonymous “A Woman” turns her eye on how theatres should adapt to changed women’s dining patterns caused by the exigencies of war – page 11

5th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, Bulgaria still dominated the news, with today’s twist being the landing at Allied troops at Salonika in order to be able to go to the assistance of Serbia. Although Salonika was in neutral Greece, who submitted a formal protest at this violation of her neutrality, reports were at pains to stress this was more a case of going through the motions and Greece fully accepted the landings were as much for her benefit as Serbia’s, and could not be equated to any Central Powers violation of a country’s neutrality (page 9).
As for the Russian ultimatum there was no news of Bulgaria’s response (also page 9), but a leader on page gave the Bulgarian government short shrift for leading towards the Central Powers – “misgovernment at the hands of short-sighted and greedy intriguers” is how it summed up the country’s current state. If A. Beaumont’s mysteriously delayed in transmission from Milan is correct than King Ferdinand was no less to blame, given his dismissal of opposition concerns (pages 9 and 10)
Also in today’s paper
- The Telegraph’s low opinion of the Labour Party leads it to headline an article on page 6 about a memorial service for Keir Hardie “Preaching Hatred,” which when reading the content seems rather harsh
- A leader on page 8 fulminates against London’s night clubs – “the vast majority are not [well conducted and entirely unexceptionable], and that their influence is wholly mischievous” as they lead young officers to “fall the easy prey of harpies and disreputable people of all sorts” - Germany fights back at Loos (page 9) although an article on page 10 refers to its “lame excuses” as to the “Allies’ victory” there; is this latter one taking a too optimistic view of the situation? - A German captain tells how he managed to escape from a prisoner of war camp and return home – page 10

4th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: The situation regarding Bulgaria took a twist today, with Russia delivering an ultimatum calling upon the country to “break immediately with the enemies of Slavdom” or else she would break off diplomatic relations with the country (page 9).
Meanwhile Sir John French announced that the Battle of Loos was reaching “a definite stage” – page 9, with more accounts on page 10
Also in today’s paper
- General Smuts is attacked at a party meeting in Johannesburg by a group variously described as “roughs” and “hooligans” – page 7
- Reports in America praise the British success in countering German submarines – page 9 - The High Commissioner for Australia issues a despatch concerning a “Glorious Charge of the Light Brigades” at Gallipoli (pages 9 and 10) although the sub-headline “Dash to certain death” sounds rather alarming for their prospects - France unveils a new battle-plane – page 10 - Two soldiers are killed after being hit by a railway engine whilst marching over the Forth Bridge – page 10 - “It was easily the finest thing of its kind that the metropolis has ever seen” says the report on London’s recruiting rally on page 11 - 50 shipyard workers are fined £5 each for striking over the presence of non-union employment in the yard as the Ministry of Munitions cracks down on such behaviour – page 12

2nd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph news of the “utmost gravity” is received that the German and Austrian officers have been arriving in Bulgaria to assist the army there (page 9). As was pointed out, this was a similar situation to that in Turkey the previous year before she entered the war (or made “an entirely unprovoked attack on Russia,” as Sir Edward Grey put it.) It was becoming clear that it was only a matter of time before Bulgaria would enter the war “in order to prosecute Teutonic schemes” as a leader blaming its Germanic ruler Tsar Ferdinand for going to the dark side on page 8 described it.
Also in today’s paper
- It is confirmed that “Treating” is to be banned in London – page 9. Meanwhile page 11 has articles on the effect of the new lighting orders, including one on a bus ride in the dark
- London readies itself to the largest recruiting rally held so far in Britain during the war – pages 9 and 10, with a leader on the subject on page 8
- Plenty more on the Battle of Loos, as you might expect, on pages 9 and 10 - The women’s page gives its ideas as to what to give as food for invalids – page 12. Rabbit a la Bechamel anyone?

1st October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, “Conquer or die…” General Joffre’s latest order of the day to the French (page 9) concluded with this stark message, one which the Telegraph clearly loved given its leader on page 8 inspired by this. And it seemed to be having an effect given the stories still coming back from Loos and the Champagne (pages 9 and 10, with pictures on page 3)
Also in today’s paper
- Restaurants in London complain at the new licencing restrictions being brought in, and licenced traders in the City raise the issue of what actually constitutes a meal – page 6
- Body shields for soldiers are advertised on page 7, with the claim they protect against bullets, shell splinters, bayonet sword and lance
- Chancellor Reginald McKenna agrees to withdraw his planned import duties on hats and plate glass – page 11 - Art critic Sir Claude Phillips condemns the National Gallery’s approach to safeguarding its collection against Zeppelin raids, accusing it of having a foolish belief in luck – page 11 - A French ballet dancer sends her petticoats as a gift to the troops at the front, who use them as mosquito nets – page 11