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21st December 1915










In todays Daily Telegraph:“All the troops at Suvla and Anzac, together with their goods and stores, have been successfully transferred, with insignificant casualties, to another sphere of operation.” Despite all the stories there had been since the Gallipoli landings suggesting advances had been made, the reality was somewhat different, but despite the efforts of Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett to hint at the truth, the censor had managed to camouflage this. However, the leakage of the news that Lord Kitchener had gone there himself after the new commander, Sir Charles Munro, had recommended withdrawal suggested that all was not well, and the official announcement above (see page 9) confirmed this. Not that it was actually a full withdrawal from the operations that was being announced, as the War Office went on to claim “by this contraction of front, operations at other points of the line will be more effectively carried out.” And equally naturally, a leader on page 8 sympathised with “one of the most difficult decisions ever imposed by necessity upon British generalship” and praised the soldiers who had fought there, but even it had to accept that as far as most people were concerned the campaign had a tragic waste of life and was best discontinued. Also in today’s paper - An article on page 3 tells of the “Romance of the banana” - There is a major cliff-fall near Dover – page 4. Perhaps surprisingly it isn’t ascribed to some sort of German plot - Hotspur takes time out of reporting on horse racing to report the spending of £12 million on horses and mules by the British Government in the USA, and suspects this is understating the actual amount – page 5 - British hostages in Syria are made to suffer after a cinema in Damascus accidentally shows a film about Australian troops – page 5 - The Greek army is discontented by the lack of action against the Bulgarians and the prospect of potential incursion, and King Constantine is blamed – page 9 - Herbert Asquith announces a postponement of the release of figures concerning Lord Derby’s recruitment scheme, due to the complexity of the task – page 9 - David Lloyd George’s speech on the work of the Ministry of Munitions sees him at times “at his very best” – page 9 - A. Beaumont in Milan hears about the experiences of women of the Third Serbian Relief Fund Unit on page 11 - Rumours mount as to German activity on the Western front – page 11 - The Telegraph’s suggestion of people extending hospitality to lonely soldiers from overseas stranded in London at Christmas generates such a positive response that the YMCA had to open a special department to deal with the subject – page 10. Also on a festive note, 1,000 children of servicemen attend a party at Windsor castle (page 11, with a photograph on page 3) - Ships of the Grand Fleet contribute dolls to a show in Thorpe Bay and they raise over £40 for charity – page 11 - The resorts round-up on page 12 gives an optimistic view of the Christmas season, and an adjacent article gives a London-centric guide to public transport of this

20th December 1915









In todays Daily Telegraph:  Allied reporters expect Bulgaria to attack Greece – page 9. Greece meanwhile refutes newspaper reports suggesting any lack of faith with the Allies and German corruption of the king, politicians and military men (same page). A leader on page 8 is sceptical about how truthfully she can do this, but takes it as proof of Greece’s return to good faith - Sir John French sends a farewell message to his troops in France – page 9 - The latest foiled German plot in the US is one to blow up the Welland Canal – page 9 - “A quieter or more unostentatious wedding it is hard to imagine” says the report on Woodrow Wilson’s nuptials on page 9 - A lecture on the war suggests the Prince of Wales has been causing military authorities anxiety with his risk-taking – page 9 - “Little time has been lost by the War Office in calling up the first batch of men, who, after being attested under Lord Derby’s scheme, passed into the Reserve,” with the first men affected having to report for duty on January 20 – pages 9 and 10 - An American journalist reports on how German prisoners are treated in England – page 11. No prizes for guessing the report is favourable in tone - Satisfactory supplies of Christmas fruit are reported – page 14

19th December 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 19th December 1915.

18th December 1915








In todays Daily Telegraph: Eyes were turning further east than Macedonia today, although page 9 had a number of articles of the diplomatic situation concerning Greece now the Allies were forced back to Salonika, as things seemed to be warming up in Persia. Page 9 also had the news of Russian troops advancing in the country, on the grounds or rumours of a Turco-German advance on India through it. Over on page 10 there was a report of a conspiracy by the Central Powers against the country’s young Shah, which was thwarted by the British and Russians stressing their good intentions and convincing the Shah that the presence of Russian troops in the country was a safeguard to public safety. It surely can’t be coincidence that these two reports appear on the same day, can it? And slightly closer to home on page 11 a correspondent from Petrograd gave a rosy account of the situation for the Russians, as the Eastern Front appeared to be bedding down for a winter of snowstorms and frozen ground, with Russia’s reliable artillery and an abundance of shells highlighted. Also in today’s paper - Margot Asquith sues the Globe newspaper for libel after it accuses her of pro-German sympathies – page 4 - 14 die in a train collision near Newcastle – page 9 - Guglielmo Marconi gives a speech in the Italian Senate expressing some concern over the economic relationship between the UK and Italy since the latter joined the war – page 10 - Entertainments for Christmas are as plentiful as ever, says an article detailing them on page 11. Over on page 12 the women’s page gives suggested Christmas recipes.

17th December 1915







In todays Daily Telegraph: With the Bulgarians halting in what they would see as their pursuit of the Allies, and what the Allies would see as a successful withdrawal, at the Greek frontier, and proposing that a neutral zone of 2km each side of the border be set up, to which the Greeks agreed (page 9), you get the impression the fighting in Europe will now be somewhat in stasis as Christmas approaches – certainly on the Western Front all you get is a reference to “minor operations” and there has been little news of late from the Eastern either. The concern now in the Balkans seemed to be the fate of Salonika and the Allies’ determination, which they believed was in accordance with the wishes of Greece, to prevent the Central Powers any control over that city. Also in today’s paper - A Professor of Commerce in the University of Birmingham gives practical suggestions as to how to save on page 7 - A wine merchant writes a letter on page 7 expressing his annoyance with the new drink regulations, giving examples of what he could be liable for imprisonment for doing which do rather bolster his case - A leader on page 8 heaps praise on the outgoing Sir John French and lionises the incoming Sir Douglas Haig – “a brilliant soldier, and a great staff officer.” For the second day running pictures of the pair appear in the paper, today on page 12 - Italian troops are successfully landed in Albania – page 8 - The Telegraph announces it will not charge for classified advertisements posted by disabled soldiers – page 8 - The French war loan is inevitably announced to be a great success – page 9 - The Austrian reply to the American note is described as taking an “insolent tone.” How often have we seen that phrase? It does seem that any Central Powers response to a diplomatic note is so described thus (page 9). The Americans will be even less pleased by the news on page 10 that two of their bankers were summarily executed in the captured town of Gorizia - The Government may have ruled out cutting parliamentary salaries (see December 14), but the Attorney-General informs the Commons that the Law Officers have agreed to cut their fees during the war, to that house’s “manifest pleasure” – page 9

16th December 1915






In todays Daily Telegraph:The major news today was the appointment of General Sir Douglas Haig to replace Sir John French as British commander in France and Flanders. It had become clear that French was not the man to lead his men to victory on the Western Front, and it was necessary to replace him. The initial campaign at Mons had shocked him and made him doubt the prospects of success, compounded by the losses suffered by the Regular Army in the early months which he took badly. He had poor relationships with his Generals and by late 1915 was loth to cooperate with his French Allies. His behaviour at Loos, in particular his handling of the reserves and the errors he made about them in his official despatch alienated Haig, who opened a whispering campaign against French which found backing in London, and his fate was sealed. Not that the War Office announcement conveyed on page 9 gave any hint of this, “over sixteen months of severe and incessant strain, Field–Marshal Sir John French has most ably commanded our Armies in France and Flanders, and he has now, at his own request, relinquished his command” it proclaimed. French had been allowed to resign rather than be forcibly replaced, but it was a diplomatic nicety camouflaging the reality of the situation. Nevertheless he was rewarded for his efforts to an extent by being made a Viscount and Commander-in-Chief of the troops stationed in the United Kingdom. Also in today’s paper - France gives figures as to the number of people arrested for espionage in the country since the war began, and the fate of those whose cases have been concluded – page 7 - The Editor of the New Statesman responds to David Lloyd George’s letter the previous day with one of his own on page 8 - The Allies’ retreat from Serbia into Greece is complete. G. J. Stevens in Salonika claims it was achieved with slight losses, and any Bulgarian or German claims otherwise are a “deliberate tissue of lies” – page 9. - “Lord Derby made an important statement in the House of Lords yesterday on the results of the great recruiting campaign” says a report on page 9. Remarkably, he is able to do this despite being “unable to give any figures” about it - The British encounter a “hostile Arab force” in Western Egypt, says a report on page 9 - Six days after the first report of the medical profession’s concern over army call-ups, the matter is returned to in a letter and article on pages 9 and 10 - More of German plots in the US on page 11, including a plan to use bombs made from thermos bottles to blow up Allied shipping, thwarted by the man involved being a double agent - Not quite sure what the pictures of the “Campaign in Mesopotamia” on page 12 actually have to do with it apart from being in the vicinity of it

15th December 1915






In todays Daily Telegraph: Not much of note in today’s paper, but some of the more notable stories are: - British sailors pay a visit to the trenches, reports Philip Gibbs on page 8 - David Lloyd George hits back at the New Statesman for claiming he described munitions factory workers as drunkards and shirkers – page 9 - The British forces in East Africa get a new commander in the shape of General Sir Horace Smith Dorrien – page 9, with a photo of the man in question on page 3 - Bulgaria claims “Macedonia is free” but the Allies still claim to be inflicting heavy losses on them in their withdrawal – page 9 - Some relaxation on the sale of alcohol in the afternoon is to be permitted in Christmas week, but there will be some curtailment on the railways during the festive season – both page 10 - A missionary who has returned from Jerusalem reports the Turks under German direction are assembling there for a campaign against Egypt – page 10 - Yet more on Armenian suffering on page 11

14th December 1915






In todays Daily Telegraph:Although it is well-known how complex the trenching system on the Western Front became, so see stark figures about it at the time still comes as a bit of an eye-opener. A despatch from H. Warner Allen on page 4 brings this to life, after a visit to the French front. The section he visited extended laterally for just over 10 miles, but by the end of the year he reports that the French trenches in that section will run to a total of 280 miles, and this is small beer compared with another section which contains a full 450 miles of them. In total he estimates that the Allies now have at least 10,000 miles of trenches to guard and keep in order, which is an impressive feat of engineering if nothing else, although given the experience of one paymaster and the plague of rats the article goes on to report it clearly can have its downside. Also in today’s paper - Some Australian troops see snow fall for the first time in their lives at Gallipoli – page 4. Below that despatch the Americans report on how the Turks fight like gentlemen - An American deserter is prosecuted for stealing from British soldiers – page 5 - Plucky Allies retiring in the face of overwhelming Bulgarian numbers is still the story coming from Macedonia on page 9 - Britain and Denmark reach an agreement on trade – page 9 - Control over London’s air defences is transferred to the War Office, which raises questions over why gunnery supremo Sir Percy Scott is no longer in charge – page 9 - Herbert Asquith rules out a reduction in Parliamentary salaries to help national retrenchment – page 9. A leader on page 8 expresses the Telegraph’s disapproval of this decision. 

13th December 1915





In todays Daily Telegraph: The whole country will learn with extreme pleasure that Lord Derby’s scheme has been a pronounced success.” Despite a lack of official figures, a report on page 9 said that there was “good ground for the belief” that the scheme had brought in numbers which had “vastly exceeded estimates” and was “a great triumph for the voluntary system of recruiting.” Below this Derby himself thanked the Press for their assistance, and considering the vast amount of coverage the Telegraph had given to this (again there were a number of articles on pages 9 and 10 on what was happening) it was probably well-earned. A picture on page 3 showing massed men in Camberwell heading for the recruiting office added to the positivity generated in today’s paper towards the scheme’s effectiveness. But would it be enough? Mind you, some of the arguments used by recruiters seemed rather odd. An American journalist on page 11 gave an example of a recruiting sergeant saying the Allies would win because whilst the Germans had spent the time since the start of the war trying to win and failing to do so, the Allies had been trying to lose in the same period and couldn’t. Hardly a ringing endorsement of his superiors! Also in today’s paper - A British press correspondent reports on a night-time excursion into No Man’s Land – page 7 - The question on whether clergymen should join the ranks of combatants has ignited quite a dispute among letter-writers to the paper, and page 7 has the latest offerings in this, alongside on of more theological bent on “God, war and the Devil” - The USA sends a formal note to Austria-Hungary over the sinking of the Ancona – page 9 - Political turbulence in China leads to one Yuan-Shi-Kai reportedly becoming the new Emperor – page 9 - Irish soldiers come in for particular praise as the Allies fight their retreat in Macedonia – page 9. Meanwhile the diplomatic situation between the Allies and Greece is reportedly improving (same page)

12th December 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 12th December 1915.

11th December 1915










In todays Daily Telegraph: “The German nation is longing for peace with its whole heart.” A leader on page 8 draws an unlikely-sounding conclusion from the debate in the Reichstag on peace conditions, which apparently arrived too late for the previous day’s paper and thus appears on page 9 today, and goes on to argue that “an intelligent people cannot face with any satisfaction the indefinite continuance of a struggle every additional day of which makes matters worse,” but their deluded rulers are so convinced of victory that they are unable to do the right thing by their countrymen. “Meanwhile our statesmen spare us such enthusiastic assurances of our own invincibility as the Imperial Chancellor still thinks likely to inspirit his now rather pensive countrymen,” it goes on to claim, which would be all well and good, but how many setbacks have been camouflaged so far by the Allies, and how often have we heard statesmen and indeed the Telegraph talk of victory being a foregone conclusion for them? What’s the difference? Indeed, it could be argued that what the Telegraph’s leader has to say about Bethmann-Hollweg and what Bethmann-Hollweg had to say in the Reichstag about the Allies are but two sides of a same coin… Also in today’s paper - “How many of us, I wonder, have given even so much as a thought to Serbia as a musical nation,” writes Robin H. Legge on page 4, a sentiment which could well be equally valid a century on. He does manage to fill the best part of a column on the subject nevertheless - Some modesty from one of the British escapees from Serbia in a letter on page 4, in which he ascribes leadership of his party to somebody else. A. Beaumont in Milan has more tales of the “terrible plight of Serbian fugitives” to tell on page 7 - The superiority in weight of munitions for Britain in the Western Front is described as the triumph of the business man on page 7. A member of the Executive Council of the Amalgamated Society of Tailors and Tailoresses isn’t so happy about the effect of the Government’s munitions policy on his trade in a letter on the same page though - “Severe repulses of Bulgar attacks” comes the latest report from Macedonia on page 9, but the announcement that the French have completed their retirement suggests the Allies are still on the back foot. Not that the French report it that way, claiming that as “the Serbian army for the moment is out of the reckoning, our presence on Serbian territory is no longer necessary” so that is why the retirement took place - Another bumper crop of reports as Lord Derby’s recruitment scheme nears its conclusion on pages 9 and 10 - The women’s page provides advice on Christmas pudding making in straitened times – page 12

10th December 115









In todays Daily Telegraph: Despite the scepticism manifested the previous day in the paper over Bulgarian claims the Allies were forced to admit that they’ve had to fall back in Macedonia (page 9), which rather made a mockery of the Telegraph’s attitude. Nevertheless British headquarters claims there is “no cause for alarm.” Germany was clearly enjoying the Bulgarian success, given the crowing from Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg in a speech in the Reichstag dismissed by the paper as a “boastful oration” (also page 9). Oddly, despite the Reichstag having been reported as debating peace conditions on December 4, and the report concluding with the fact it did so, there is not a mention of what transpired. Greece’s refusal to get involved caused the Telegraph to apportion part of the blame of this Allied reverse to that country in a leader on page 8, and France showed her annoyance by blocking exports to that country (page 9). It was not a happy time for the Allies on this new front. Also in today’s paper - The results of the French Flag Day are published by the French Relief Fund in a classified advertisement, which due to it breaking down the results by location runs over through the whole of page 2 and much of page 3 - German treatment of British invalids held in that country is criticised by members of the American Embassy in Berlin – page 5 - A tremendous rush is reported as Lord Derby’s recruitment campaign enters its final days, and the situation is reported in some depth on pages 9 and 10. However the medical profession is unhappy at the number of students called up (page 10) - The State is to take over all the pubs in an unnamed “border township that would be little known but for its romantic history” which “is about to be converted into a munition centre” – page 10. Gretna is the place thus camouflaged - The National Committee for Relief in Belgium plans a Christmas Day collection “by means of strong paper envelopes” to be passed round dinner tables countrywide – page 10

9th December 1915








In todays Daily Telegraph Still the diplomatic situation with Greece took up plenty of newsprint, with two articles by E. J. Dillon on page 9 and two by G. J. Stevens on page 11 leading the way. One is beginning to wonder just how much more can be written on this topic. Also in today’s paper - The Y.W.C.A. appeals for recreation rooms for girls and women in military centres, and W. Joynson-Hicks M.P. calls the war a blessing in disguise as it has decreased selfishness among the English – page 3 - The Captain of the Lusitania answers critics over his crew’s behaviour during its sinking – page 7 - After their depredations on a Greek steamer carrying a British MP reported the previous day, “one more item in the long list of deliberate acts in contempt of the Law of Nations which stand to the account of our enemies” according to a predictably outraged leader on page 8, the Austrians go on to shell American ships (also page 8). - Back to the refusal to believe opposing claims of success on page 9 over Bulgarian reports on Serbia. Claims by the Austrian navy are also given short shrift on page 10 - A report on the inadequate supply of horses to the British military is issued – page 10 - The Christmas Bazaar at the Albert Hall opens, and there was “plenty of animation” there – page 11 :

8th December 1915







In todays Daily Telegraph: The Bishop of Salisbury finds himself the subject of a court case from a churchwarden forbidden from exercising his office after using offensive language against his rector – page 5. What he is alleged to have said to the rector was obviously not fit to be printed, as it is blanked out - Admiral Tirpitz gets an iron statue of himself at Wilhemshaven, with room for 250,0000 nails to be pressed in it, but the Royal Academy of Arts in Berlin is not impressed – page 7 - King George V gives the Church Army £25 to help build an army hut – page 7 - The Post Office prepares for Christmas – page 7 - G. J. Stevens gives details of the fall of Monastir on page 9 - King Constantine of Greece gives an interview to an American journalist in which he stresses Greek neutrality and claims when his countrymen re-elected Venizelos earlier in the year it was the man and not his policies, which they did not understand, which was elected, which is an interesting interpretation of a democratic election. Greek neutrality doesn’t seem to hold much water with the Austrians though, who capture a British MP travelling on a Greek steamer. Both articles page 9 - The Marquess of Crewe explains in the House of Lords why General Townshend had to retreat from Baghdad – superior numbers and powerful artillery for the Turks – page 9 - General Smuts furnishes South African troops for the campaign in German East Africa – page 9 - The “most vigorous and significant passage” of Woodrow Wilson’s address to Congress is, as far as the Telegraph is concerned, that concerning “plots and conspiracies against national security within the borders of the United States;” although he doesn’t finger any nationality in particular over this the Telegraph is in little doubt he means Germans – pages 9 and 10 - The Army tells its drivers to proceed at a moderate speed, particularly in London’s darkened streets – page 10. As to what it considers a moderate speed there is no hint :

7th December 1915






In todays Daily Telegraph: “The roast beef of England remains the joint of all joints” claimed a leader on page 8 today as the Telegraph celebrated the holding of the Smithfield Show, and certainly wasn’t underselling it – “there never was a time when the activities of this association [the Smithfield Club] were so important to the national wellbeing as now” it carried on. Perhaps it was buoyed up by the fact King George V had a prize cow there, which headed the report and full list of awards on page 7, and could be seen in all its glory on page 3. Not that there was much going on elsewhere to dominate news – submarine action off the Dardanelles was given the banner headline on page 9, but the report was brief and the major news article was yet more on Lord Derby’s recruiting push on pages 9 and 10. Also in today’s paper - Captain Bean’s despatch from the Dardanelles is entertainingly descriptive of what observing bombs being dropped on the enemy is like – page 5 - Swedes visiting the Allied lines in the Western Front come away impressed – “the best disciplined, the best equipped, and the best organised in the world” one proclaims – page 5. Of course, if they had said anything else, one doubts it would have been reported - From the sound of Philip Gibbs’ latest article it isn’t much fun in Flanders at the moment – page 6 - The Central Board of Liquor Control announces that it does not plan to compel licensed houses to close on Christmas Day or Boxing Day, contrary to some rumours – page 9 - Picture postcards are forbidden to be sent to neutral countries, says the War Office – page 9 - Germany is pouring troops into Belgium – page 11

6th December 1915





In todays Daily Telegraph: Not  much of particular note in today’s paper, but stories include: - The Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Derby exchange correspondence on the place of the Clergy in Derby’s recruiting scheme – page 7 - The Allies reaffirm their commitment not a conclude a separate peace – page 9 - The latest report from Mesopotamia admits to heavy British losses and a forced withdrawal – page 9 - A. Beaumont is hopeful that at least of Serbia’s army has survived the invasion of that country – page 9 - The Americans reveal just how much Germany has spent on plots on that continent on page 9, whilst on the same page the latest plotters receive a year and a half in prison - Another eyewitness account of Turkish atrocities in Armenia appears on page 10 - More derision is heaped on Henry Ford’s “Peace Ark” as it sets sail – page 10

5th December 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 5th December 1915.



The translation is:

4th December 1915




In todays Daily Telegraph: Reichstag to debate peace” runs the banner headline on page 9 today. So would readers be able to think that Germany was wearying of the war and wished to bring it to an end? No was the answer, if they read the answer below, as this was a country which clearly thought it was in a position of strength, as apparently “nobody understands why our enemies, after their diplomatic defeats in the Balkans and their military failures, have not yet begun peace negotiations” although the suggestion was made that the Allies were blind to reality and will not treat any peace suggestions from the Germans “in a sensible fashion.” “The cunning of the nursery” is how the Telegraph in a leader on page 8 regarded all this, giving short shrift to what it saw as an attempt to appeal to “all that is faint-hearted, mean-spirited, treacherous and slavish in the camp of the Allies” which was doomed to fail. Also in today’s paper - A Reuters correspondent reveals German U-boats ae sending out false wireless signals in an attempt to trap shipping – page 6 - Lord Derby’s recruiting campaign appeals for canvassers ahead of its final push (page 7), a push which stats with a letter on the manhood of the nation on page 9 - The new drink orders for London are revealed to have “a marked effect in the number of convictions for drunkenness” which considering the draconian nature which has led to all the protests so far is hardly surprising – page 7 - General Joffre is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies – pages 8 and 10 - Italy plans to send troops to Albania to assist the Serbs – page 9 - More on Government expenditure on page 9 today, with the revelation that the Stationery Office costs £1.2 million per annum - A. Beaumont reports on the “Last agony of Monastir” on page 10 and the “terrible sufferings” of the retreating Serbs - A patriotic protest in German-occupied Warsaw is met with gunfire, reports a despatch from Petrograd on page 11 - On page 12 the women’s page gives its suggestions for breakfast fare, including Poached egg friture and Polenta fritters, whilst a report below that shows how girls are being taught about “the technical part of railway service” near East Croydon station, which is a tad more positive that the one about the “keen air of poverty” felt by London’s flower girls next to it  

3rd December 1915



In todays Daily Telegraph: “There is no Government in Europe so highly paid as that of this country” observes an analysis of Government spending on page 9 today, which reveals the costs of various departments and individuals. It turned out that the highest individual sum, £20,000, was paid to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, a figure matched with fees by the Attorney-General. Whilst the Telegraph wished to “utter no word of criticism of the occupants of these offices” it was not impressed in a leader on page 8, wondering whether such figures were appropriate at a time of calls for economy and even whether they “represent value received by the nation,” wondering whether a figure six times as much as that received by the Commander of the Grand Fleet (Sir John Jellicoe) whose responsibility was immense at this time was appropriate. The leader indeed goes on to describe the cost of Government as “excessively costly” and clearly hoped that retrenchment would start at the top.
Presumably the Government’s acceptance of a horse-racing stud and training establishment (page 9) will only add to this bill.
Also in today’s paper
- All of page 4 and part of page 5 is turned over to ideas for Christmas books
- The Belgium fund, now over 13 months’ old, tops the 3 million shillings mark – page 7 - George Bernard Shaw says peace is out the question until Germany is defeated, as otherwise it would mean “a tremendous triumph for the German army and its prestige, which we were out to combat” – page 7 - Mainly through announcements in Italy, it seems that the Allies and Greece are reaching some sort of concord – page 9 - Henry Ford’s attempt to send a peace ship to Europe is attracting derision in America before it has even set sail – page 9 - A Special Correspondent on page 10 paints a grim picture of what has been captured from the Russians by the Central Powers, almost as if to give the impression it has been nothing of worth. - A letter writer on page 10 denounces as “monstrous” the penalty of a £100 fine and six months’ hard labour to those breaching the liquor control restrictions - Sweden reaffirms her neutrality, despite a grouping called the Activists calling on her to enter on the side of the Central Powers – page 10 - 

2nd December 1915



In todays Daily Telegraph: - One place where the “no treating” order is not applied is the House of Commons, and despite 180 members asking the Kitchen Committee to put it into force there, it decides the whole house should make the decision, thereby passing the buck – page 8
- A Dupont plant in the USA explodes with 30 deaths, and the articles are quick to put the blame on German-Americans, if not the Germans themselves – page 9. The Germans are also fingered as behind a plot to blow up important points of Italian railways – page 10
- The Bulgarians claim the Anglo-French troops in Serbia have got nowhere, and in fact have been pushed back – page 9. A subsequent article even goes so far to have them refer to the “Anglo-French comedy at Salonika.” Interestingly nowhere is there anything refuting this
- The Government makes it clear to organised labour that national economy is needed, and thus there should not be demands for higher wages – pages 9 and 10 - The first cinema pictures of the war are ready for screening, reports Philip Gibbs on page 11 - Violent scenes in the Roumanian parliament after the opposition cry “Down with Hungary! Down with the Germans!” – page 11 - General Sir Ian Hamilton praises the Zion Mule Corps – page 11 - An ex-officer is in court in page 13 for not only wearing a uniform without authority but bigamy .

1st December 1915


In todays Daily Telegraph: Lord Kitchener’s return to the UK had been announced by the Press Bureau in a 5-line announcement (page 9), but this brief notice and a couple of slightly longer ones concerning him on the same page (plus the information he had returned in time for Violet Asquith’s wedding), the Telegraph saw fit to pen a lengthy leader about him and his trip on page 8. Even though it admitted that the whole itinerary was unlikely to have been disclosed and it would be some time, if at all, that the conclusions he had drawn from his visit would be communicated, it still saw fit to proclaim “no more important or more promising step has been taken by any British Minister since the first days of the war” and his trip would give the nation confidence that the nation’s “strength is being used with clear aims and firm intentions.” In an age which is far more cynical about those in power it is hard to read something giving such unquestioning support to one of these without raising an eyebrow.
Also in today’s paper
- A suggestion is made to provide holly as a Christmas decoration in war hospitals – page 3
- German socialists are unhappy at the refusal of the Government to drop the old age pension age from 70 to 65 – page 3
- The experiences of British people in invaded Serbia are recounted on page 9 - “Too much importance cannot be attached to the great gathering which is to be held this morning” reports Our Parliamentary Correspondent on page 9 on a conference between the Government and trade union executives and officials on the financial position of the nation as it affects organised labour - “A brilliant raid” sees two German generals captured by the Russians – page 10 - Imports of all machine tools and parts thereof into the UK are banned save for those under Board of Trade license – page 10 - Today’s letter of appeal: giving convalescent soldiers “health-giving” drives in motorcars – page 12 - “Impudent frauds” concerning people attempting to obtain money from the War Office with falsified claims on dead soldiers’ estates are condemned by a judge when sentencing perpetrators on page 13 - After the authoress Annesley Kenealy case, another case of somebody in a court case taking poison, this time a defendant, on page 13  .