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A DAY BY DAY ACCOUNT OF HOW THE GREAT WAR WAS PERTRAYED ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE BRITISH PRESS
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A DAY BY DAY ACCOUNT OF HOW THE GREAT WAR WAS PERTRAYED ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE BRITISH PRESS

20th JANUARY 1915







 

Yesterday’s Zeppelin raids which occurred at about 8.00pm is found on the back page of today’s pictorial news, this is more to do with press deadlines then Government censorship. The ironical aspect of yesterday’s attack would be that Yarmouth would not only be the first British town to be attacked by a Zeppelin it would also be the last but unlike the first the last would result in the downing of the German raider.






19th January 1915

8 jan dt 15 newspapers of the Great War19 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War









While the good folk of Great Yarmouth were digesting today’s news of Russian advances little did they realize they would be tomorrow’s headlines? Germany employed three zeppelins, the L.3, the L.4, and the L.6, for the first airship raids on Britain. The L.6 turned back after encountering mechanical problems, but the other two zeppelins succeeded in dropping bombs on the towns of King’s Lynn and Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. The 19th January raids marked the start of over 50 attacks by German airships on Britain, which killedmore than 500 people and caused injury to many more.


18th January 1915








"old one o’clock”. Was Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck the German general who was in command of the German First Army which reached to within thirteen miles of Paris? It was Klucks decision to wheel his columns to the east of Paris which created the 30-mile gap in the German line which the British Expeditionary Force exploited forcing a German retreat and to take entrenched positions behind the River Aisne. Toward the end of March 1915 he was seriously injured which forced his retirement in 1916. His son, Lieutenant Egon von Kluck, was killed early in 1915. "old one o’clock”. was immortalized in a bawdy British army song

"Kaiser Bill is feeling ill,
The Crown Prince, he's gone barmy.
We don't give a f**k for old von Kluck
And all his bleedin' army."

16th JANUARY 1915

15th January 1915

15 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War
8 jan dt 15 newspapers of the Great War









War news takes second place to a devastating earthquake which hits central Italy.

The 1915 Avezzano earthquake occurred on the 13 January in central Italy, near the city of L'Aquila. The epicentre was located in the town of Avezzano in central Italy. More than 30,000 deaths resulted from the earthquake. The quake took place at around 8:00 local time affecting thousands of people throughout central and southern Italy. The town of Avezzano was literally toppled from the shaking and only one high-rise building survived. 96 percent of its population was eliminated almost simultaneously. Because of World War I the government decided not to accept foreign assistance.


Throughout the middle of January there is trench exchanging in the Soissons area of France with German attacks and French retreating then role reversal. The German harassing operations gradually peter out and come to nothing..








 


14th JANUARY 1915

14 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War8 jan dt 15 newspapers of the Great War



The investiture of the Victoria Cross, Britain’s highest military award for bravery above and beyond the call of duty by His Majesty the King at Buckingham Palace was always well publicised by the national press.  These men would be elevated to national hero statues. Their acts of heroism would appear in pictorials and their images on collective cigarette cards. They would be used by the state to give lectures and on recruitment drives.  David Nelson VC and John Dimmer VC would both be killed in action. Nelson at Lillers, France, on 8th April 1918 his Victoria Cross is displayed at the Imperial War Museum, London. John Dimmer would die at Marteville, France on 21st March 1918. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Green Jackets Museum, Winchester, England.    




13th JANUARY 1915

13 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War





January 1915 would be the wettest month for a century in the United Kingdom only being matched by the wet weather of 2014. Vast sways of land in Norfolk were under water and so dominated the national tabloid press headlines.

In today’s Telegraph is a report detailing the growing unrest in Constantinople following Turkish military defeat in the Caucasus. These reports would influence the British cabinets strategic planning towards the Ottoman Empire .Having already rejected a plan to attack the Ottoman Empire by  French Minister of Justice Aristide Briand and failed in an attempt to pay the Ottomans to join the Allied side, Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, proposed naval attack on the Dardanelles coincided with  Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia appeal to Britain for assistance against the Ottomans in freeing the mined entrance to the Black Sea through the Dardanelles.













12th January 1915

11th JANUARY 1915

9th JANUARY 1914

9 JAN15 newspapers of the Great War8 jan dt 15 newspapers of the Great War
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At the beginning of 1914 the British Army had just 80,000 regular troops ready for front line duty. In august 1914, the British Parliament issued a call for an extra 100,000 soldiers; by January 1915 a million men had enlisted. The reality of the retreat from Mons and the battle of the Marne and the perceived atrocities carried out by the German army meant men joined knowing that war was dangerous indeed many joined precisely because it seemed to be a threat to their home and their country. While voluntary enlistment was in place, pressure was put on every able bodied male to join up.




“je suis Charlie”

newspapers of the Great War“je suis Charlie”

8th January 1915









The British press played its part in a concerted effort to demonise the German Empire by publishing overseas editions of its newspapers. President Woodrow Wilson efforts to keep the United States neutral during the Great War “in thought and deed". The sentiment for neutrality was strong among Irish Americans, German Americans as well as among church leaders and women. However the drip drip feed of propaganda by the British press highlighting German atrocities embedded itself into the ordinary American conscious so when  the sinking of the passenger liner RMS Lusitania in 1915 America leaned in favour of the UK by allowing large-scale loans to Britain and France.








7th January 1915

7 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War7 jan dt 15 newspapers of the Great War





The news of the Russian victory over the Ottomans at The Battle of Sarikamish is just starting to filter through to the British media. Ismail Enver Pasha who was the main leader of the Ottoman Empire during the Great War would blame his defeat on his Armenian soldiers, although in January 1915, an Armenian named Hovannes had saved his life during a battle by carrying Enver through battle lines on his back. Nonetheless, Ismail Pasha later initiated the deportations and sporadic massacres of Western Armenians, culminating in the Armenian Genocide the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian Desert. Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 1 and 1.5 million. Other indigenous and Christian ethnic groups such as the Assyrians andthe Ottoman Greeks were similarly targeted for extermination by the Muslim Ottoman government,






6th January 1915

6 jan 15 newspapers of the Great War
For a full PDF version of today’s Daily Telegraph printed one hundred years ago please click here

5th January 1915

5 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War
The Ilford train crash occurred on New Year’s Day 1915, the primary cause being driver error and excessive speed when the London bound express collided with a local train killing ten and over 500 complaining of various injuries. Alfred Nicholls attempts to avert the crash by waving a red flag featured prominently in the press and at the inquiry which concluded that some form of Automatic Warning System should be introduced onto the railway system.

4th January 1914

4 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War
The press recount the bravery of the  Brixham trawler Provident BM291, Skippered by William Pillar, with First Hand William Carter, Second Hand John Clarke and Apprentice Daniel Taylor (né Ferguson), who picked up  men from one of HMS Formidable's pinnace (Ships boat.) before it sank, saving 71 members of the crew. Another story picked up by the press was that of a Half collie, Lassie who was owned by the landlord of the Pilot Boat, a pub in the port of Lyme Regis who’s cellar was being used as a temporary mortuary. The dog found her way down amongst the bodies, and she began to lick the face of one of the victims, Able Seaman John Cowan. She stayed beside him for more than half an hour, nuzzling him and keeping him warm with her fur. To everyone’s astonishment, Cowan eventually stirred. He was taken to hospital and went on to make a fullrecovery. The story was retold so many times that it eventually inspired the film makers of Hollywood and the legend of Lassie was born.

2nd January 1914

2 JAN 15 newspapers of the Great War

As far as the British public was concerned the loss of HMS Formidable was the first Royal Navy Battleship to have been sunk (HMS Audacious sinking was kept secret for the duration of the Great War) by enemy action.With the appearance of the new dreadnought-type battleships and battlecruisers beginning in 1906, predreadnoughts such as Formidable were outclassed but still played an important role in defending the English Channel. Formidable and the other ships of the 5th Battle Squadron were based at Sheerness because of concern that a German invasion of Great Britain was in the offing. The squadron was relieved by the 6th Battle Squadron and transferred to Portland on 30 December.Formidable sank after being hit by two torpedoes while participating in gunnery exercises off the Isle of Portland.

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Ist January 1915

1 jan 15 newspapers of the Great War
The press and British public greeted 1915 with optimism. The Royal Navy defeat at Coronel had been convincingly revenged with victory over the German navy in the Battle of the Falklands; the ground lost to the Germans in France during August 1914 now having been retaken, the impression of the Germans seemingly on the retreat and the allies in the ascendance surely it will only be a matter of months before the victory bells will toll?

4th DECMBER1914

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2nd December 1914

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1st December 1914

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30th November 1914

30 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War30 NOVEMBER 1914


The Great War cemented the Cossacks reputation not only as Russias best troops but also their most savage.In 1914 there were 939 squadrons, mobilized normally around 100 men strong. Most came from the Don (360 squadrons) and Kuban (202 squadrons) regions although Siberia sent 54 squadrons. They were organised into Steppe and Caucasian groups further divided into territorial divisions


28th NOVEMBER 1914

28 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War28th NOVEMBER 1914

Today’s paper attempts to soften the devastating loss of HMS Bulwark by hyping the news from the Russian front. After initial success in repulsing German attacks at Warsaw in September-November 1914.  The Grand Duke was encouraged to divert German forces away from the Western Front, along with his natural preference for offensive manoeuvres this meant the Russian army expended resources holding positions captured in western Poland months after the inconclusive Battle of Lodz, on-going munitions shortages, and defeats at the Masurian Lakes and Gorlice-Tarnow made this untenable. In August 1915, with Russian troops retreating, the Tsar removed Nikolai Nikolaevich to Viceroy of the Caucasus and assumed Supreme Command himself.Grand Duke Nicholas died on January 5, 1929 in France.

27th NOVEMBER 1914

27 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War27th NOVEMBER 1914
Image1 newspapers of the Great War
On 14 November 1914 as part of the 5th Battle Squadron Bulwark was transferred to Sheerness to guard against a possible German invasion of England. Under the command of Captain Guy Sclater HMS Bulwark was destroyed by a large internal explosion for the loss of 736 men. Two of the 14 survivors died later in hospital. The explosion was likely to have been caused by the overheating of cordite charges that had been placed adjacent to a boiler room bulkhead.

In terms of loss of life, the incident remains the second most catastrophic accidental explosion in the history of the Royal Navy, exceeded only by the explosion of the dreadnought battleship Vanguard, caused by a stokehold fire detonating a magazine, at Scapa Flow in 1917.

                                                                                                                                                   

In 1908, Captain Robert Falcon Scott of Antarctic fame became Bulwark’s commander, becoming the youngest at that time. Bulwark joined the Channel Fleet on 3 October 1908. Under the fleet reorganisation of 24 March 1909, the Channel Fleet became the 2nd Division of the Home Fleet, and Bulwark thus became a Home Fleet unit. She underwent a refit later in 1909. On 1 March 1910, Bulwark commissioned into the reserve at Devonport with a nucleus crew as Flagship, Vice-Admiral, 3rd and 4th Divisions, Home Fleet, at the Nore. She began a refit at Chatham in September 1911, and grounded twice on Barrow Deep off the Nore during refit trials in May 1912, suffering bottom damage From 5 to 9 November 1914, while anchored at Portland, Bulwark hosted the court martial of Rear-Admiral Sir Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge for his actions during the pursuit of the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and light cruiser SMS Breslau in the Mediterranean Sea in August 1914

26th November 1914

26 NOV 14 newspapers of the Great War26th November 1914

25th November 1914

25 nov 14 newspapers of the Great Warnewspapers of the Great War25th November 1914


As Imperial Germany's first practical military aircraft, the Taube ("dove") was used for virtually all military aircraft applications, as a fighter, bomber, surveillance aircraft and trainer from 1910 until the start of World War I in August 1914.
The Taube was very popular prior to the First World War, and it was also used by the air forces of Italy and Austria-Hungary. Even the Royal Flying Corps operated at least one Taube in 1912. On November 1, 1911, Giulio Gavotti, an Italian aviator, dropped the world's first aerial bomb from his Taube monoplane over the Ain Zara oasis in Libya. Once the war began, it quickly proved inferior as a serious warplane and as a result was soon replaced by newer and more effective designs


                  TAUBE


newspapers of the Great War

24th November 1914

24 nov 14  newspapers of the Great War24th November 1914



On 21st November, 1914, Squadron Commander E.F. Briggs, Flight Commander J.T. Babington, and Flight Lieutenant S.V. Sippe, Royal Navy, carried out an aerial attack on the Zeppelin airship sheds and factory at Friedrickshafen on Lake Constance. Leaving from Belfort, France shortly before 10 a.m. The three pilots flew 125 miles (201 km) over mountainous terrain and in difficult weather - a risky flight near the limit of the aircraft's range. The distance was increased by the need to avoid flying over neutral Switzerland. they arrived over their objective at about noon, and, although under a very heavy rifle, machine-gun and shrapnel fire from the moment they were sighted, they all three dived steeply to within a few hundred feet of the sheds, when they released their bombs — in all eleven.Squadron Commander Briggs was wounded, brought down, and made a prisoner, but the other two officers regained their starting-point, after a flight of more than four hours across hostile country under very bad weather conditions.It is believed that the damage caused by this attack includes the destruction of one airship and serious damage to the larger shed, and also demolition of the hydrogen-producing plant, which had only lately been completed. Later reports stated that flames of considerable magnitude were seen issuing from the factory immediately after the raid. (Although substantial damage was claimed at the time and in some later histories, in fact the actual damage inflicted was slight. The pilots deserve all praise for their admirable navigation... this flight of 250 miles, into gunfire, across enemy country, in the frail little Avro with its humble horse-power, can compare as an achievement with the best of them".)Each received the Distinguished Service Order: The raid was announced by Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, who called it "a fine feat of arms". Flight Commander J.T. Babington later achieved the rank of Air Marshal he passed on 20 March 1979. Flight Lieutenant S.V. Sippe survived the war and passed on 17 November 1968. Briggs survived the war .Gp.Capt. Edward Featherstone Briggs passed in 1963.


23 November 1914

23 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War23rd November 1914


 
Prince Maurice of Battenberg, KCVO, (Maurice Victor Donald; 3 October 1891 – 27 October 1914) was a member of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, the youngest grandchild of Queen Victoria. He was known as Prince Maurice of Battenberg throughout his life, since he died before the British Royal Family relinquished their German titles during World War I and the Battenbergs changed their name to Mountbatten. The young Prince served in World War I as a lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps, and was killed in service in the Ypres Salient in 1914. He is buried in Ypres Town Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery. A memorial tablet to him and his brother Leopold is in Winchester Cathedral.

21st November1914

21 nov 14 newspapers of the Great War21st November1914

20th November 1914

20 nov 1420th November 1914


Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts served in the Indian rebellion, the Expedition to Abyssinia and the Second Anglo-Afghan War before leading British Forces to success in the Second Boer War. He also became the last Commander-in-Chief of the Forces before the post was abolished in 1904.

Roberts died of pneumonia at St Omer, France, on 14 November 1914 while visiting Indian troops fighting in the First World War.  After lying in state in Westminster Hall (one of two non-Royals to do so during the 20th century, the other being Sir Winston Churchill), he was given a state funeral and was then buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.



19th November 1914

19 nov 1419th November 1914


A Royal Visit to injured colonial troops

29th July 1914

dm 3 UPLOAD29th July 1914


The British press break the news that Austria Hungary declares war on the Serbs

30th June 1914.

dm 2 UPLOAD30th June 1914.


The British press empathies with the loss suffered by the Austrians

29th JUNE 1914

dm 1 upload29th JUNE 1914


The news of the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife breaks