Gallery Solace - The Great War 1914-1918
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9th November 1915

The notable sinking of the SS. Californian occurred on this day. Embroiled in controversy surrounding her location and apparent lack of response to the distress signals during the sinking of the RMS Titanic on 15 April 1912.  The Californian, while being escorted by a French torpedo boat was torpedoed by U.35 (Waldemar Kophamel), and sank 61 miles SSW of Cape Matapan, Greece. Richard Harding a Fireman, Mercantile Marine was the sole loss of life.The lighthouse tender HMY IRENE  hit  a mine laid by the German submarine UC1 with the loss of all hands

In todays' Daily Telegraph:- An article on page 4 examines military demands for clothing, and reveals a khaki boom helped by a large order from Russia - A letter on page 4 expresses disapproval of the tactics of the evening newspapers to sell papers, claiming they are all too ready to print fabricated stories - An article on page 7 exhorts people to start their Christmas shopping as soon as possible. This will be “the most practical patriotism” according to a leader on page 8, which also examines how the war is leading to changing times in London - After an article about increased visitors to Cheltenham on October 30, it is the turn of Bath to be the subject of a similar article (page 7) - The possibility of shipping lines taking action to prevent men eligible for service from emigrating to try and escape it is floated on page 7 - More Allied success in Serbia is reported on page 9, with A. Beaumont in Milan able to provide a “graphic description” of the Battle of Strumitza by copying the article of an Italian journalist. Page 10 has more reports from the fighting there. - The House of Lords debate on the conduct of the war is praised for its quality in a report on page 9 - A German cruiser is sunk by a British submarine in the Baltic (page 9) and its presence there is given as an example of the panic the submarines are causing the German Admiralty - Philip Gibbs reports on some Oriental visitors at the British Front in his usual lyrical manner on page 10 - Claims reach Italy that the British have occupied Baghdad – page 10 - A child falls from a train but is remarkably practically unhurt – page 10 - An English gentleman recently resident in Athens gives an idea of attitudes in Greece to the war and the combatants – page 11 - The Chief Electrical and Mechanical Engineer of the Metropolitan Railway explains how its electric services work on page 12

8th November 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; - The Parliamentary Recruiting Committee now issues a leaflet in a form of a catechism for canvassers working on the Earl of Derby’s scheme – page 7
- A Serbian victory over Bulgaria in Macedonia, in which the country was assisted by British and French troops, is announced on page 9, which offsets the fall of its war capital
- The Government reiterates that Lord Kitchener has not resigned but is visiting the Eastern theatre or war – page 9, and a leader on page 8 has no truck with the rumour-mongers who have been saying otherwise
- As Greece gets a new Cabinet E. J. Dillon’s analysis of the situation in the country reveals that that their King, Constantine, is regarded there as the foremost military strategist in the world – page 9 - America sends a note to the Allied governments protesting over their blockade policies towards ships trading with Germany – pages 9 and 10 - Philip Gibbs feels able to write more on the Battle of Loos now Sir John French has published his official despatch on it – page 10 - Sarah Bernhardt returns to the Paris stage for the first time since her leg amputation – page 10

7th November 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 7th November 1915.

The translation is: 


In Serbia, the women, the young, the old, struggle against the invader.

6th November 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;Straight to the digest, although there are some interesting items in today’s paper. - The Sunday Pictorial isn’t reticent by Horatio Bottomley’s latest article for the following day’s paper, proclaiming it to be “the most wonderful article ever written” in an advert on page 3 - The regulations creating a darker London at night forces Harrods to decide to close at 5pm each day, as announced in an advert on page 5. Londoners are also confronted with a further restriction of drinking hours (page 9) whilst another article reports on how West End theatres “are having anything but an easy time at present” (also page 9) - The latest inquest of a victim of a Zeppelin raid sees the coroner stressing the importance of taking cover and considering it ridiculous to enter a verdict of murder – page 6 - Officials deny Lord Kitchener has resigned but aver he is merely having a temporary absence and the Prime Minister is covering for him – page 9 - Whilst the reporting on the fighting in Serbia as usual tries to persuade readers that enemy claims are overinflated (page 9) over the page Cheddo Miyatovich analyses the situation and concludes “it is not yet hopeless” for his countrymen (page 10) - A steamship avoids “a new German method of attack on merchant vessels” in the North Sea – page 10 - Even by the standards of delayed articles during the war to have a Dardanelles despatch from Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett dated July 9 seems highly belated to be printing (page 11) - The Parliamentary Recruiting Committee issues posters detailing the main points of the Earl of Derby’s scheme “in furtherance of the new propaganda instituted” by him – page 11 - If you’ve ever fancied making Lentil soufflé, the women’s page has a recipe for you on page 12

5th November 1915

Two significant losses for the Royal Navy: The submarine HMS E20 Under the command of Lt-Cdr Clyfford Warren, with the loss of 21 of her crew and HMS Tare.

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Still the Balkans led the news, with the Greek Government losing a vote of confidence and the Bulgarian army advancing on Nish in Serbia, whilst the first British troops were reported to have reached the front there (all page 9), and an account from the Daily Chronicle’s reporter who had visited the Serb front line was reprinted on pages 9 and 10. Further afield advances by the British towards Baghdad were claimed by a sub-headline to be causing anxiety in Germany, although the report (page 10) seems as much to express confidence there that the Turks will hold it in the long run. Asides from this there was little of great note; excepting parliamentary reports and the rolls of honour/gallantry awards one of the longer articles in today’s paper concerned cooking apples! (page 13). The court case of the day was on page 14, where a café proprietress was fined for keeping a disorderly establishment due to waitresses kissing and cuddling the customers.

4th November 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The ongoing situation in the Balkans still led the war reporting, but there was little else of great note to report at present on the other fronts; and the biggest news at home, aside from an improving George V, was the Government being expected to ask for a vote of credit of £250 million (page 9) on what was a relatively quiet day.
Also in today’s paper:
- “The success of the British Fleet is proving embarrassing. We have the seas at our command” claims Archibald Hurd in his latest naval analysis on page 8
- The Prime Minister and the Censor are among those criticised by peers in the House of Lords – page 9
- Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett recounts the tale of the sinking of HMS Majestic off the Dardanelles, and being on it at the time can give a “personal narrative” of what happened – page 11 - A plan to provide flats for servicemen disabled in the war and their families is outlined on page 13 

3rd November 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;Two of the most senior men in Britain led the news today. Pride of place went to Herbert Asquith’s “speech of most unaccustomed length” as the Telegraph’s leader on page 8 put it, on the war’s progress in the commons, which was reported, alongside Sir Edward Carson's resignation speech and other members critical of the Government's handling on page 9 and reprinted for those brave enough to which to read it all in full on pages 5 and 6.
Rather more succinct was King George V, who sent an Special Order of the Day to his troops complimenting them, reprinted on page 9. Next to this can be found the “authorised version” of his accident whilst visiting them (even though it admitted it is “exactly as stated in the bulletins”) which appears to have been issued to discount gossip that it had been caused in a different manner to that reported.
Also in today’s paper
- Lord Kitchener is going to review the City National Guard, the description of which makes it sound like a precursor of Dad’s Army – page 8
- Another “practically obsolete” naval vessel goes to a watery grave, this time after colliding with a fleet auxiliary vessel – page 9 - Today’s Edith Cavell-related story: an American journalist in Paris makes clear that the shooting of two German women as spies in France since the war began cannot be equated to, or used to justify her execution (page 10), whilst her memorial fund has now topped the £2000 mark (page 11) - The letter the previous day over the banning of fiction lending from Wandsworth libraries triggers a debate on the issue from other correspondents on page 10

2nd Nvember 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;was a day of looking back today, with Sir John French’s despatch concerning the Battle of Loos on page 12 the major article, followed by Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett revisiting the naval side of the Dardanelles campaign on pages 9 and 10 (and there was another report from the Anzac troops there on page 11), whilst the sum raised by street collections on “Our Day” in London on October 21 was announced to have raised £32,000 (page 11). In the current situation more advances for the Central Powers in Serbia took second fiddle to a recovering King George V’s return from France (both page 9). Also in today’s paper
- If readers weren’t quite up to speed over the destroyed Tiepolo in Venice (see October 28) Sir Claude Phillips provides assistance on page 7
- The “chief conspirator in the judicial murder of Nurse Cavell,” whose policy in Belgium is described as one of “super-frightfulness and terrorism” leaves the country – page 9
- A reader laments in a letter on page 10 Wandsworth council banning the lending of fiction from its libraries for the duration of the war
- A letter on page 11 calls for better facilities to be arranged for soldiers detrained at London Victoria in the middle of the night

1st November 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Just how bloody the Battle of Loos actually was can be seen by the rolls of honour in the Telegraph, which have been more steadily more regular and sizeable since it started, and with it taking up space on no fewer than four pages of today’s paper (pages 2, 3, 6 and 12) it it’s the most horrific so far in the newspaper. It makes you wonder just what its going to be like come next summer and the Battle of the Somme. This impression is borne out by the October casualty figures on page 8, which are markedly higher than the two previous months.
Also in today’s paper
- The annual conference of the London Teachers’ Association reveals that half of its male teachers have enlisted in some form – page 6
- Serbia appears to be taking a leaf out of Russia’s book by withdrawing from towns and cities before that are captured by the enemy – page 8
- “Rigid restrictions” are announced governing the permissibility of Guy Fawkes fireworks displays on page 8, although given there are only four days to go it seems a bit late in the day to start making them known, or is that the plan? - King George V’s medical condition is improving – page 9 - Lord Kitchener grants the distribution of khaki armlets to men willing to serve who are waiting their call-up, men willing to serve but who are medically unfit to do so and men invalided out with good character, a step welcomed by the Telegraph’s report as it should help stop people being misidentified as “shirkers” – page 9 - 155 men are missing after a British minesweeper collides with a fellow naval vessel off the Dardanelles – page 9 - Not for the first time the prison population figures show a “welcome” side-effect of the war in a fall, but they also fail to bear out the belief that drunkenness among women has increased since it started – page 11

31st October 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 31 st October 1915.

The translation is: Constantinople! Or the latest desire of the Bosch...

Yes, but there are bayonets on the road.

30th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Readers today woke to the shocking news that King George V had had an accident whilst visiting the troops in France. A brief medical report announced that he was severely bruised after he fell from his horse when, excited by the cheers of the troops, it had reared up. Fortunately for the paper Philip Gibbs was on hand to provide more details (page 9) of an incident which a leader on page 8 confidently proclaimed would only intensify the “devotion both of his Army in the field and of his subjects at home.”
How important this news was can be shown by the way it displaces Edith Cavell’s memorial service from the main headline, which nevertheless gets the full reporting works from Hall Caine on pages 9 and 10, alongside several other articles concerning her execution (or murder, as the paper prefers to regard it)
Also in today’s paper
- In the law court reports today, an “interesting judgment” over an appeal in a case concerning a man sued for breaking off an engagement on the grounds his fiancée was unfit to be married, and “a matter of considerable importance to builders” with man suing the building firm he used to work for before he was paralysed after falling from a walkway consisting of two planks – page 4. Meanwhile a headmaster wins an appeal against being fined for assaulting a pupil by caning him in what a doctor described as a “good thrashing” as the Recorder comes down on his side, accusing those who express the idea that no boy should be beaten as having flabby sentimentality on page 11
- Cheltenham reports an increased visitor trade thanks to the war – page 7 - The usual war of words over what is happening spreads to the Serbian arena, with the Germans and French making claim and counter-claim over the progress of the fighting there – page 8 - An article is pleased to proclaim on page 9 that “several brilliant editorials and special articles” in American journals proclaim the view that the Allies will win the war. Bet they wouldn’t have been described as brilliant if they had concluded likewise - The official number of British casualties since the start of the war edges towards the half a million mark – page 9 - Erstwhile Gallipoli commander Sir Ian Hamilton received a hearty send-off on his departure, it is reported on page 9. Meanwhile there is the belated publication of the latest despatch from Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett, it being six weeks old, on page 11 - The price of butter is predicted to fall as the Danish government arranges cheaper supplies – page 10 - A list of 19 German ships reported to have been sunk by British submarines in the Baltic is given on page 11. They all appear to be merchant ships, of the sort the paper would fulminate against German pirates if their British counterparts were sunk likewise - “Policewomen have come to stay” reports the women’s page on page 12. Next to this, among the recipes on the page this week is braised stuffed cabbage.

29th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Well over two weeks after her execution and Edith Cavell was still a dominant figure in the paper. Westminster City Council had offered a site for the proposed memorial (pages 9 and 10, with a map showing its location on page 7), which a leader on page 8 considered to be “one of the most notable resolutions ever passed by a London municipal authority.” Add in details of the “national tribute” at her memorial service in St. Paul’s Cathedral (page 8), an “In Memoriam” piece on pages 9 and 10 and a “Full German Account” in a German newspaper, as well as several smaller articles and readers’ tributes on page 10, and the flames lit by the news of her death showed no signs of dying down.
Also in today’s paper
- An account by a German of a French air raid on wherever he is living is reprinted on page 7 in considerably tamer terms than reports of Zeppelin raids on Britain get
- Philip Gibbs provides a lengthy report of King George V’s visit to the army in France on page 9
- A school fire in Massachusetts sees scores of children killed or injured – page 9 - General Botha sues a man who accused him of purloining 134 bars of gold for slander – page 9 - More from Leonard Spray in Rotterdam in Germany’s “reign of terror” in Belgium on page 11 - It will be of little surprise given the labour disputes there during the year to see that the employment of Portuguese and Spanish miners at a Welsh colliery angers the staff, who threaten yet another strike unless the offending foreigners are deported; “a most unfortunate circumstance that another cause of labour trouble should in this way have been introduced into the Welsh coalfield” the article concludes – page 13 - Marylebone police court hears a case concerning men who have looted dead officers’ luggage whilst in transit to their relatives – page 14. In a lighter legal vein on the same page an authoress sues W. H. Smith for allegedly, along with publishers and librarians, for boycotting her novels as well as slanderously describing them as immoral

28th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;- Labour leader Arthur Henderson, in his capacity of President of the Board of Education, calls upon male teachers to enlist in the services – page 8
- The Serbs recapture a town from the Bulgarians, but elsewhere the invading Bulgars are reported to have linked up with the Germans in the country – page 9
- King George V expresses his “profound admiration” for the French army in an Order of the Day reported on page 9
- Art lovers are horrified when an Austrian destroys a Tiepolo painting in a raid on Venice – page 9 - The Christmas wish lists of various German commanders are deemed amusing reading by our man in Rotterdam – page 9 - Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett gives a talk on the Dardanelles campaign to a “brilliant” audience – page 10 - A display of captured German guns is made on Horse Guards Parade – page 11, with a photo on page 3 - The final report over maintaining and increasing food production in England and Wales get comprehensively covered on page 11 - A former officer is tried over having obtained money from a dishonoured cheque but is bound over as he is enlisting as a private “so that we could wipe out his lapse from the path of honesty” – page 13

27th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; the Telegraph considered the news of more disclosures about German plots in the United States as they key story today, giving it pride of place on page 9, with what would be an almost inevitable leader on page 8 on the subject, given the opportunity this gave the paper to embark upon another line of attack on the Germans – “complete disregard of all the restraints of decency and honour” was today’s choicest piece of obloquy.
Also on page 9 France was still announcing success for its troops in Serbia, although former Foreign Secretary Lord Lansdowne was giving a gloomy outlook for that country’s chances in the current situation, and there was more on George V’s visit to France, whilst over on page 10 a meeting was held in London’s Guildhall to initiate “what is intended to be a national campaign for the promotion of the welfare of motherhood and infancy” which had the backing of a number of influential people, Sir Percy Scott was able to inform an inquest into a Zeppelin raid victim that more guns had been made available for the defence of London, details of Edith Cavell’s memorial service in St Paul’s Cathedral were given, and there was a more limited coverage of W.G. Grace’s funeral that you might have expected give the coverage of his death. Otherwise, it was pretty much same old, same old today.

26th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;  The French Relief Fund appears to be proving a popular cause – a list of donors in the classified advertisements takes up over half of page 1 and all of page 2
- Certain publications of the Labour Party are ordered to be destroyed after a court hearing reported on page 4
- Philip Gibbs’ latest despatch form the front concerns the readying for another winter campaign – page 7
- An eyewitness account of the Armenian massacres appears on page 7 - An interview with the German Governor-General of Belgium in a German paper gives rise to some “remarkable claims” over what is happening there – page 7 - A good day for French troops on page 9, with “brilliant success” reported in the Champagne against the Germans, and a “severe check” inflicted on the Bulgarians in Serbia - George V pays a visit to his army in France, and the papers are authorised to report this fact – page 9 - Austria launches an air raid on Venice, but fortunately most of the bombs are reported to have fallen into the lagoons – page 9 - The German Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs defends its execution of Edith Cavell to an American journalist, as donations to the Shilling Fund more than double in one day – pages 9 and 10. He might also have to explain how a man attached to the Foreign Office staff has been arrested in the possession of explosives in America in due course (page 11)

25th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Whilst the fighting in Serbia appeared to be going badly for that nation and her Allies (page 9) the execution of Edith Cavell was still dominating news closer to home. Whilst Home Secretary Sir John Simon was unfavourably contrasting her treatment to that meted out by the Allies to an American journalist in an article calling the execution “The Great Crime” the Telegraph’s shilling fund for a memorial to the “martyr nurse” had over the weekend already raised over 5,000 shillings (£250), and various luminaries were giving their support (pages 9 and 10), as was a French newspaper which called her “the Joan of Arc of England.” The Americans were also in sympathy as evinced by a leader from the New York Times reprinted on page 10.
And there was another death to report about at home as well, although in this case not due to the war. W. G. Grace, “the finest all-round cricketer who ever donned flannels” as a leader on Grace on page 8 calls him, goes to the great cricket ground in the sky, and page 7 pays due tribute to him.
Also in today’s paper
- A rather horrendous roll of honour today, covering part of page 2 and most of page 3 for the NCOs and men and a good portion of page 5 for the officers.
- Lord Derby expresses confidence that his new measures for recruiting will save the voluntary system, and the trade union leaders out campaigning for recruits have a similar message – page 7. Meanwhile the King’s appeal for men to join up is reprinted on page 8 - Philip Gibbs tries to alleviate “a sense of perplexity in the minds of people at home as to the exact meaning of what is happening, or what is failing to happen” at Loos in a despatch on page 10 - Amazingly nothing whatsoever on the 500th anniversary of the Battle of Agincourt. You’d have thought in wartime one of England’s greatest victories would be celebrated, even if the defeated party was now an ally

24th October 1915

Today’s pictorial paper is the French Sunday supplement La Petit Journal published on the 24th October 1915.

The translation is “The military medal General! It’s appropriate that I stand to receive it."

23rd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph
You could call today appeal day in the paper. The central place on the main news page (page 9) is given over to “a lofty appeal to the patriotism of the people” by King George V, with a facsimile image of the “ringing summons to duty which cannot and will not be ignored by the King’s loyal subjects” which receives a ringing endorsement form a leader on page 8.
Then on page 9 comes the launch of the Telegraph’s shilling fund for 1915, although the previous year’s Belgian one has not been closed. This is in response to a letter from one Norman Forbes Robertson, who was so incensed by the execution of Edith Cavell, “ruthlessly butchered by the Huns” as he puts it, that he proposes a Telegraph appeal fund for a monument to the nurse, already has a Royal Academician lined up to make a sculpture for it, and launches the fund with 100 shillings (£5). The Telegraph’s proprietors were more than happy to accede to this request, and added £1,000 shillings (£50) of their own to get the ball rolling. The outcome of this appeal can still be seen in St Martin’s Place, London.
Meanwhile the National Egg Collection for wounded soldiers and sailors appeals for help on page 7, in an article with the mind-boggling figures that it has collected 11 million eggs for the cause so far, but claims it needs another 100,000 eggs a day for its work, whilst on page 12 the National Political Land League Council appeals for more women workers on the land.
Also in today’s paper
- A Commercial Correspondent writes on what is “by no means the least thrilling chapter to be written” of the war – Germany’s shady commercial machinations (page 6)
- The Allies start bombarding Bulgarian ports – page 9 - The latest news from Serbia gives “a decidedly grave impression of the position of the Serbian army” – page 9
- An account of the final interview with Edith Cavell, from the British Chaplain at Brussels on the night before her execution, is reprinted on pages 9 and 10 - Looks like bad news for the Austrians on page 10, with the Russians announcing a victory in Galicia and the Italians a “vigorous offensive on a wide front” - A reader registers his outrage on page 10 at a naturalised German being able to run a garage, and argues given his experiences of motoring past an ammunition works without being challenged, that no enemy alien should be permitted to own a motor car for the duration of the war
- French commander General Joffre tells an American reporter “Peace to-day would be a crime against posterity” – page 11 - A nephew of the Bulgarian Tsar Ferdinand is reported to have been blinded by an acid attack by his mistress – page 11. The report ignores the fact he’s a third cousin to George V - Henry Ford gives $10,000 to the Canadian Red Cross and declares his sympathies are pro-Ally to mollify his Canadian workers after upsetting them with a speech against the British war loan – page 11
- The women’s page (page 12) looks at how women are assisting the war effort, as well as jobs their sisters across the Atlantic do, including washing paper money; a good day’s washing consists of dealing with 35,000 bills apparently

22nd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph a full report of the proceedings in reference to the unfortunate nurse, Miss CAVELL, who was executed by the German authorities in circumstances of cold-blooded cruelty. Universal horror and indignation will be felt and expressed in every country – except, of course, a Teutonic one – when the real facts are known.” To describe Edith Cavell as an “unfortunate nurse,” as the leader on page 8 which found a new cause to castigate the Germans for, seems to be understating things somewhat. The leader acknowledged that technically she was in the wrong, and wondered, ironically for such an article, whether “all comment is not superfluous” in this case, not that it was holding back – “Nothing, probably, can now brand with fouler infamy the German name, stained as it is by all the damning items in its past record, from Louvain and the Lusitania down to the murder of an English nurse,” and “Our enemy has incurred the disgust and loathing of all honourable and merciful men in Europe and America” for example. Pages 9 and 10, meanwhile, contain the lengthy documentation of the case. Also in today’s paper - There is disquiet in Italy over the Allies’ treatment of Greece, according to E. J. Dillon in Rome, who seems to fear their monarchs leading them over to supporting the Central Powers, whilst the situation in Serbia is reported to be critical – page 9 - The Dutch play tribute to London performers carrying on in the middle of the recent Zeppelin raid – page 9, whilst on the subject of the raids on page 10 the Home Secretary gives his reasoning for declining to set up a system of warning people of incoming raids - Lord Derby writes a letter to the editor on page 9 stressing his wish to gain the co-operation of employers for his recruitment scheme – page 9 - Given the coverage the day before, the charitable “Our Day” seems almost relegated with positioning of reports on the day, alongside the celebration of Trafalgar Day, on page 11

21st October 1915

In today' Daily Telegraph: You couldn’t miss the fact it was the charitable “Our Day” in the paper today. A full page advert on page 5 accompanied by one for an upcoming fairy tale book created by the Telegraph for the French Red Cross on page 6 and one for a special Times supplement on page 12, plus a leader on the matter and poem by G. K. Chesterton on page 8, as well as an article on pages 9 and 10 all cover the topic. Would all this inspire readers to give generously?
Certainly being generous was the British government, who were offering Cyprus to the Greeks if they should enter the war on the Allied side – page 9.
Also in today’s paper
- The National Farmers Union propose increasing the cost of dog licences, excepting working dogs, citing the “monstrous waste” by women feeding their “miserable little pet dogs” – page 4
- Licensed Victuallers have “reached the limit of forbearance” over attacks and restrictions on their trade, they say at a conference reported on page 7 - Two days after his letter of appeal in the paper Sir Robert Baden-Powell has another suggesting scoutmasters man the Y.M.C.A. recreation huts – page 7 - Sir Edward Carson explains his resignation from the Government is due to his disagreement with a Government policy, believed to be that concerning Gallipoli and the Balkans – page 9 - “The precise military situation in Serbia is still very obscure, and such telegrams as reached London yesterday were conflicting in character” says the report on the situation there on page 9 which still tries to sum it up as best it can - London’s authorities plan to licence women as bus and tram conductors, thus in their belief freeing up them men employed as such to enlist – page 9 - The Pope and King Alfonso of Spain make pleas on behalf of those sentenced to death by the Germans in Belgium – page 9

20th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: Two weeks after the Earl of Derby was announced in his new role directing recruiting for the Army we saw the first fruits of his work in today’s paper, as page 9 reports his speech at the Mansion House detailing how he proposed to provide “the men whom the military authorities consider necessary for maintaining the strength of our armies in the field and for bringing the war to a successful conclusion.” This would be achieved by dividing the men of the country (presumably on the National Register) into 46 groups, 23 each of unmarried and married men, and concentrating on the former first; although the number of groups does seem rather overelaborate it is by age so presumably it is basically year groups. However, although he said this “is the last effort on behalf of Voluntary service” the description of his plan in the paper doesn’t seem to give much impression that there is much voluntary about it, unless it has missed something out. Nevertheless, a leader on page 8 considered the scheme as “a sound and promising one” and fervently hoped it would succeed, as it foresaw a lot of trouble ahead if conscription became necessary. Also in today’s paper - Today’s new appeal – the Admiral of the Fleet launches an appeal for funds to help the schooling of naval officers’ daughters in a letter on page 7 - More German merchant shipping falls foul to the “liveliest activity” displayed by British submarines in the Baltic – page 9. Not that the Telegraph considers these to be “pirates” like German submarines who act likewise - Italy joins the list of Allied countries to have declared war on Bulgaria, announced in a rather flowery manner on page 9 - The first wounded Allied troops engaged in the Serbian fighting arrive at Salonika – page 9 - Prime Minister Asquith is laid low by gastro-intestinal catarrh – page 9 - More on Edith Cavell’s execution as part of a German “reign of terror in Belgium” on page 10

19th October 1915

Leonard James Keyworth VC was killed in action on this day in Abbeville, France.  As a 21-year-old Keyworth performed an act of bravery for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross. His Citation reads:

For most conspicuous bravery at Givenchy on the night of 25-26th May, 1915. After the assault on the German position by the 24th Battalion, London Regt, efforts were made by that Unit to follow up their success by a bomb attack, during the progress of which 58 men out of a total 75 became casualties. During this very fierce encounter Lance-Cpl Keyworth stood fully exposed for 2 hours on the top of the enemy's parapet, and threw about 150 bombs amongst the Germans, who were only a few yards away.

In todays' Daily Telegraph: Perhaps it was because it was a relatively fresh development, but the renewed fighting engendered by the invasion of Serbia was clearly the significant news today, given the multifacted coverage on page 4 (with another map which displays the area but gives little clue as to where the fighting might be, despite its title of “Allied Campaign in the Balkans”), page 8, page 9, page 10 and page 11. Even so, the banner headline on page 9 concentrated on the resignation, for reasons yet to be discovered, of Sir Edward Carson from the Cabinet, a situation given added dimension by Irish Nationalist John Redmond’s speech (page 10) alluding to the internal and external dangers threatening this body.
It wasn’t just in the Cabinet that change was afoot, as the Dardanelles campaign had a new commander, with General Sir C. C. Monro replacing General Sir Ian Hamilton, who is according to the official statement “returning to England to make a report,” which surely even at the time must have seemed a slightly odd way of bowing out. Given that E. Ashmead-Bartlett’s latest Dardanelles despatch on pages 9 and 10 concentrates on the work to date of the destroyers there is more than a hint that land operations are not going to plan there.
Also in today’s paper
- Sir Robert Baden-Powell devises a scheme that every Scout gives the proceeds of one day’s work towards a fund for a new ambulance with any over given towards a recreation hut – page 3
- A woman is remanded after poisoning her husband’s tea – page 4. Her defence was the laziness of her husband drove her to it - Forty-six Chinamen are sent to prison for three months after absenting themselves from a steamer – page 5 - Another case of an article reading as much as an advert on page 5 on the food value of the Royal Whitstable oyster - A “sensational” fight in the air between British and German seaplanes is documented by a territorial officer on page 7 - A “splendid response” is reported to the plans for the upcoming charitable “Our Day” (see October 12) – page 11 - Sir Claude Phillips reports on the measures, “truly remarkable in their complexity and completeness,” taken for the protection of the “incomparable monuments and art treasures” of Venice, and going back to the tenor of his recent articles, compares them favourably with what is happening in London – page 12

18th October 1915

16th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph;  Buried at the bottom of page 9 today is the first report of what will be the Telegraph’s latest cause celebre, as the Press Bureau informs the world that nurse Edith Cavell had been executed by the Germans for assisting Allied soldiers to escape from Belgium. This small article gives little hint as to what is to come as regards this news.   Also in today’s paper:   - It’s the turn of the Church Army to take out a full-page advert appealing for money to build rest huts for servicemen – page 5. Just to reiterate the point there is an article on the appeal on page 7   - A row over the dismissal of a matron from an officers’ war hospital leads to a mass resignation of nurses – page 7   - Great Britain informs Bulgaria a state of war exists between the two countries due to her alliance with the Central Powers and declaration of war on Serbia – page 9  - The Earl of Derby announces details of his new scheme for increasing the supply of men to the Army – page 9  - A special cable from a Special Correspondent reports on being at the front with the Russian army – pages 9 and 10, whilst Philip Gibbs reports about an “unreal and fantastic” experience on the British front on page 10  - Another night-club is closed after the magistrate deems it more a “drinking and dancing shop” than a proper club – page 13

15th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The previous day a report of a Zeppelin raid gave a picture of a raid of limited effect. However, the Press Bureau’s description of it printed today on page 9 gives a somewhat different picture. From eight killed in the original report the death toll has multiplied sevenfold to 56, with 114 injured. Even so, it still maintained the line that only “some houses were damaged and several fires started, but no serious damage was killed to military material.” If that’s the case, just how were there that many fatalities?   It was also looking like those affected by the raids had had enough, given the demand for reprisals for the raids at a meeting in London reported on page 7   Also in today’s paper   - A number of German steamers have been torpedoed in the Baltic, with the paper clearly desperate to make the number as large as possible from the manner of its reporting – page 8   - A correspondent suggests the Foreign Office employ Telegraph reporter Dr. E. J. Dillon “in some position of responsibility and power” due to his “great ability, extraordinary sagacity and unsurpassed knowledge and experience of men and things in all the countries of Europe” in a letter on page 8  - A London theatre production is moved to afternoon matinée performances only in a response to public demands, but the West-end Theatrical Managers’ Association sees no need to dispense with evening performances – page 8  - Although there were reports of Bulgaria already invading the country in the last two days, it is only today that news of her official declaration of war on Serbia is reported – page 9. Greece meanwhile doesn’t regard the attack as coming under the terms of her treaty of alliance with Serbia as it regards it as an extension of the main war rather than a new one, and so will stay out of it  - A. Beaumont writes on “Interesting scenes” when the Allied troops landed in Salonika and the recapture of a Serbian village from the Bulgarians on page 10, although it does seem a tad odd that he is despatching these articles from Milan until the articles reveal he is copying reports from a local newspaper  - An appeal for help for the Armenian victims of the Turks appears on page 11  - Dame Nellie Melba raises money for the Canadian Red Cross at a concert in Montreal – page 11  - A solicitor’s clerk is prosecuted for assaulting a wounded soldier engaged on recruiting duty in the street in what his employer sees as a test case over such instances – page 14

14th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The issue of night-clubs was clearly one that was exercising the Telegraph at present, as the Government’s bill to amend the law over their regulation was presented in Parliament (pages 6 and 9). Another leader on the subject duly appeared on page 8, which praised this “wise and temperate war measure” while condemning the “swindlers and harpies” who are involved with them. And as if to show why such a measure was needed page 4 contains a report from the courts of a London night-club being closed after its activities meet with official displeasure.
Also in today’s paper:
- A reader sends in a poem, “On the Roll of Honour,” which is published on page 8
- The French accuse Bulgaria of stabbing Serbia in the back, whilst reports suggest Russia is preparing an attack on the former – page 9
- London is raided again by Zeppelins, and eight people are killed despite the official statement saying the material damage is small – page 9 - The Germans claim they are on the verge of an agreement to buy the Romanian wheat harvest, but an Italian correspondent in Paris claims Romania is preparing to join the Entente powers – page 9 - Another belated despatch from the Dardanelles on page 11, this one being seven weeks old

13th October1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; “A new and eventful page in the history of this deplorable war” was how a leader on page 8 described the invasion of Serbia, which took on a new aspect today as in a development that would have come as no great surprise Bulgaria joined in and invaded the country herself (page 9). This was to the Telegraph another example of the “ingratitude, perjury and treacherousness of the ruler of the Bulgarian people” as Tsar Ferdinand took another battering in the paper’s columns – “the victim of his own vanity and self-seeking” by a Teutonic ruler acting at Germany’s catspaw was how the paper (and given the tone of other articles many in the Allied powers) was viewing him. However, given it had lost to Serbia (as well as Greece) in the Second Balkan War two years’ previously, was it really any surprise that the country should join forces with countries who gave it the opportunity to avenge this?
Also in today’s paper
- Horlick’s takes out a full-page advert on page 5 to try and persuade people to buy a tin of malted milk tablets to be send to their nearest and dearest on service
- A new appeal for the relief of Belgians says that £218,750 is required each week to meet their needs – page 7
- The Battle of Loos is relegated to little more than a footnote on page 10 today - Woodrow Wilson says it is time for the country to know which of its citizens are for America first, and which still have loyalties to countries of their birth elsewhere – page 10

12th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: It was a busy day in the court and tribunal systems, with quite a variety of cases heard. Page 5 has a collection of these, which include a member of the Anti-German Lecture League being prosecuted after interrupting a service at a German church in London, a workman falling foul of a tribunal for deliberately slacking in order to get dismissed from his job, a London publican being fined for allowing too much light to escape from his establishment, and an inquest hearing of a suicide of a Russian dancer after his wife runs off with a fellow dancer with whom she had been living and bore a child before her marriage which makes you wonder what possessed her to marry the subject of the inquest.
Also in today’s paper
- Serbia claims to have inflicted significant casualties on the invading Austro-German army – page 9
- Greece tells the Allies her neutrality will be benevolent in character towards them – page 9
- Sir John French proclaims that the Germans have suffered a “very severe reverse” on the British front – page 9 - The Earl of Derby holds a conference about recruiting in Downing Street, but our report is forced to speculate as everybody involved “observed the strictest reticence about what had transpired” – page 9 - A reporter from Salonika suggests Bulgaria’s drift towards entering the war on the side of the Central Powers isn’t universally popular in that country – page 10 - France shows off its aircraft industry to British and American journalists – page 10 - Home Secretary Sir John Simon defends the work of British censors (see criticism the previous day) – page 10 - The Baronet Sir Oswald Mosley, grandfather of the infamous Fascist, dies – page 10 - A report on page 11 reveals that October 21 has been designated “Our Day” for Red Cross and St John Ambulance fund-raising

11th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; The Earl of Selborne is critical of the censorship of bad news and exaggeration of good news in a speech to Yorkshire agriculturalists, saying such practices perform a public disservice – page 6 - “Under a penalty of £100 and six months’ imprisonment with hard labour, “treating” to intoxicating liquor in the metropolis [i.e. London] is prohibited from to-day” – page 8. The punishment does seem a tad excessive - Both the British and French report mowing down Germans who counter-attacked them at Loos – page 9 - Austro-German forces occupy Belgrade – page 9 - The Labour Party plays a key role in the success of a recruiting demonstration in Cardiff – page 10

9th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; It was officially confirmed that Serbia had been invaded by Austro-German forces, whilst “for all practical purposes a state of war already exists” between Bulgaria and the Allies. Although Greece proclaimed that she was following a policy of armed neutrality, the war was clearly opening up on a new front in the Balkans at the end of what a leader article described as an “anxious week” (page 8; reports on page 9.)
Also in today’s paper
- “The war has brought the Young Men’s Christian Association into its own” claims an article about the welfare work they have done for the military on page 5
- A letter on page 5 appeals for young lads just out of school to train as waiters, so that the hospitality trade will not have to be reliant on alien employees
- One delegate at a conference of women members of sanitary authorities notes that “it was extremely difficult to get people to recognise that personal cleanliness not only conduced to their own health, but to the health of others” as well as deploring the lack of baths provided by some local authorities in housing schemes – page 7 - A. J. Balfour condemns the Armenian massacres in a letter reprinted on page 8, next to a leader article on the subject which condemns “foul deeds which brand with an eternal stigma the honour alike of Turkey and those Powers whose ally she is.” - The Russians believe Germany is bringing her offensive on the Eastern Front to a close – page 9 - “The income-tax, complicated enough before in all conscience, has now become a veritable maze, a labyrinth of bewildering confusion, through which the most expert of experts must pick his explanatory way with the utmost caution and diffidence,” writes Our Civil Service Correspondent on page 11. Plus ça change… - More recipes for invalids (see October 5) on page 12 today, including Whiting with Oysters and Grilled Fillets of Pheasant. The article does acknowledge they might “appear a trifle expensive at first glance”

8th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Whilst the paper was celebrating a “success of high importance” by the French in the Champagne in the leader on page 6 (backed by a report from a British press representative there on page 8 and another map which actually tells little on page 5) it was also forced to note in this editorial that “events seem to be hurrying to a climax in South-Eastern Europe.” This they certainly were, as reports from Germany stated that she and Austria-Hungary had invaded Serbia, whilst Russia’s Quadruple Entente allies had followed her in breaking off diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, although there was still no news of the latter entering the war or invading Serbia herself even if the Germans were claiming a Russian naval attack on the country (page 7). Yet despite these developments the banner headline on the same page concentrated on the smaller news that British troops had landed at Salonika, hardly the most major development of the day!
Also in today’s paper
- A House of Lords committee examines who should be responsible for the licencing of London’s massage houses, amid concerns about the employment of women for immoral purposes in them – page 4
- It appears there might have been a degree of overzealousness in the darkening of London’s streets – page 6
- The Labour Party signs up to the latest recruiting campaign, if only to get behind it as a means of preventing the introduction of conscription – page 6 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his engagement – page 7 - Another 77 repatriated British prisoners of war return home, with “stories of suffering” – page 8 - Our Own Correspondent in Paris enjoys a new revue in the city poking fun at the Germans – page 8 - Queen Mary appeals for more comforts for the troops to be made by women – page 8

7th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph; Attention  turned from Bulgaria to Greece, with the “bombshell” news that the Greek Premier Eleftherios Venizelos and his Cabinet had resigned. Although no reason was given, it appeared that the mobilisation in response to that of Bulgaria had opening up fissures in the Government, with the King no longer able to support the policy of the Cabinet, and several ministers in that body declining to support their Premier in a parliamentary vote of confidence.
Whether this would affect the “most cordial welcome” the Allied troops at Salonika had received remained to be seen, but with Russia breaking off diplomatic relations with Bulgaria after receiving what she regarded as an unsatisfactory reply to her ultimatum, it was hardly the most opportune moment for such an “acute crisis” to develop. Page 9 has all the stories.
Also in today’s paper
- Inventor Guglielmo Marconi gives his impressions of a visit to the Franco-British fronts – page 4
- German politician Count Reventlow gives Turkey his full backing in massacring its “unreliable, bloodthirsty, riotous” Armenia inhabitants – page 7 - The Government prepares to put a bill through Parliament to deal with night clubs in London – page 9. After its polemic a couple of days earlier this will no doubt please the Telegraph. Meanwhile music-goers in the capital are not letting the lighting restrictions interfere with their activities (pages 9 and 10)

6th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, Bulgaria’s expected entry in the war continued to produce twist and turns, today’s being the news that the Russian ultimatum had been delivered later than thought (not that it had received a reply) on page 9, and the somewhat unbelievable report on page 8 that the Turks had bribed her to come in on the Central Powers’ side with a promise of granting her their capital of Constantinople. It was the turn of Tsar Ferdinand to receive abuse in the leader article, as the paper called him “the ambitious trickster in Sofia” (page 8).
The developing situation in the Balkans inspired the paper to reprint an article by Dr. E. J. Dillon written in January, which took up almost half of page 10 should readers be so inspired to see it again.
Also in today’s paper
- The President of the Miners’ Federation outlines his opposition to conscription, claiming its introduction would mean the country is aping German-style militarism – page 7
- The Earl of Derby is made director of recruiting for the Army – page 9. We’ll see plenty of him in this role in the paper - The article on new drinking restrictions for London has some doubt as to how well these will be received in the capital – pages 9 and 10 - The anonymous “A Woman” turns her eye on how theatres should adapt to changed women’s dining patterns caused by the exigencies of war – page 11

5th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, Bulgaria still dominated the news, with today’s twist being the landing at Allied troops at Salonika in order to be able to go to the assistance of Serbia. Although Salonika was in neutral Greece, who submitted a formal protest at this violation of her neutrality, reports were at pains to stress this was more a case of going through the motions and Greece fully accepted the landings were as much for her benefit as Serbia’s, and could not be equated to any Central Powers violation of a country’s neutrality (page 9).
As for the Russian ultimatum there was no news of Bulgaria’s response (also page 9), but a leader on page gave the Bulgarian government short shrift for leading towards the Central Powers – “misgovernment at the hands of short-sighted and greedy intriguers” is how it summed up the country’s current state. If A. Beaumont’s mysteriously delayed in transmission from Milan is correct than King Ferdinand was no less to blame, given his dismissal of opposition concerns (pages 9 and 10)
Also in today’s paper
- The Telegraph’s low opinion of the Labour Party leads it to headline an article on page 6 about a memorial service for Keir Hardie “Preaching Hatred,” which when reading the content seems rather harsh
- A leader on page 8 fulminates against London’s night clubs – “the vast majority are not [well conducted and entirely unexceptionable], and that their influence is wholly mischievous” as they lead young officers to “fall the easy prey of harpies and disreputable people of all sorts” - Germany fights back at Loos (page 9) although an article on page 10 refers to its “lame excuses” as to the “Allies’ victory” there; is this latter one taking a too optimistic view of the situation? - A German captain tells how he managed to escape from a prisoner of war camp and return home – page 10

4th October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph: The situation regarding Bulgaria took a twist today, with Russia delivering an ultimatum calling upon the country to “break immediately with the enemies of Slavdom” or else she would break off diplomatic relations with the country (page 9).
Meanwhile Sir John French announced that the Battle of Loos was reaching “a definite stage” – page 9, with more accounts on page 10
Also in today’s paper
- General Smuts is attacked at a party meeting in Johannesburg by a group variously described as “roughs” and “hooligans” – page 7
- Reports in America praise the British success in countering German submarines – page 9 - The High Commissioner for Australia issues a despatch concerning a “Glorious Charge of the Light Brigades” at Gallipoli (pages 9 and 10) although the sub-headline “Dash to certain death” sounds rather alarming for their prospects - France unveils a new battle-plane – page 10 - Two soldiers are killed after being hit by a railway engine whilst marching over the Forth Bridge – page 10 - “It was easily the finest thing of its kind that the metropolis has ever seen” says the report on London’s recruiting rally on page 11 - 50 shipyard workers are fined £5 each for striking over the presence of non-union employment in the yard as the Ministry of Munitions cracks down on such behaviour – page 12

2nd October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph news of the “utmost gravity” is received that the German and Austrian officers have been arriving in Bulgaria to assist the army there (page 9). As was pointed out, this was a similar situation to that in Turkey the previous year before she entered the war (or made “an entirely unprovoked attack on Russia,” as Sir Edward Grey put it.) It was becoming clear that it was only a matter of time before Bulgaria would enter the war “in order to prosecute Teutonic schemes” as a leader blaming its Germanic ruler Tsar Ferdinand for going to the dark side on page 8 described it.
Also in today’s paper
- It is confirmed that “Treating” is to be banned in London – page 9. Meanwhile page 11 has articles on the effect of the new lighting orders, including one on a bus ride in the dark
- London readies itself to the largest recruiting rally held so far in Britain during the war – pages 9 and 10, with a leader on the subject on page 8
- Plenty more on the Battle of Loos, as you might expect, on pages 9 and 10 - The women’s page gives its ideas as to what to give as food for invalids – page 12. Rabbit a la Bechamel anyone?

1st October 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph, “Conquer or die…” General Joffre’s latest order of the day to the French (page 9) concluded with this stark message, one which the Telegraph clearly loved given its leader on page 8 inspired by this. And it seemed to be having an effect given the stories still coming back from Loos and the Champagne (pages 9 and 10, with pictures on page 3)
Also in today’s paper
- Restaurants in London complain at the new licencing restrictions being brought in, and licenced traders in the City raise the issue of what actually constitutes a meal – page 6
- Body shields for soldiers are advertised on page 7, with the claim they protect against bullets, shell splinters, bayonet sword and lance
- Chancellor Reginald McKenna agrees to withdraw his planned import duties on hats and plate glass – page 11 - Art critic Sir Claude Phillips condemns the National Gallery’s approach to safeguarding its collection against Zeppelin raids, accusing it of having a foolish belief in luck – page 11 - A French ballet dancer sends her petticoats as a gift to the troops at the front, who use them as mosquito nets – page 11

30th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph  unsurprisingly the ongoing Battle of Loos dominated the news today, with over half of page 9 and part of page 10 given over to stories relating to the fighting. “One of the most glorious exploits of the British Army” claimed one article, among the usual litany of praises for the efforts of Allied soldiers and dismissal of German claims which ran counter to those of the Allies. Add in the successes for the French (also on pages 9 and 10) and losses for the Germans in the current fighting were now claimed to be 120,000, although there is something of a hint of speculation to this statement.
Also in today’s paper
- A tribunal is asked to consider whether war biscuits count as munitions – page 3
- Companies with warehouses, especially those containing flammable materials, are told to make sure they have someone on the premises at night to deal with incendiary bombs – page 6
- New regulations for lighting in London at night are issued – page 8 - An article on page 8 calls for the need to suppress the activities of night clubs - Its not only in Loos that the British are reported to be experiencing success, as more defeats are inflicted upon the Turks in Mesopotamia – page 9 - An Italian battleship blows up in Brindisi, but “the authorities absolutely exclude any question of the disaster being a foreign outrage” – page 11

29th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph:British Army’s New Successes” runs the banner on page 9 and the reports and headlines suggest all is going well at the Battle of Loos – “Fresh Progress by the British Army,” “Amazing Bombardment,” “German Excuses for Allies’ Victory” and “Brilliant Charges in Mist and Rain.” Certainly Sir John French’s despatch suggests success, with 21 guns and 40 machine guns captured and 3,000 prisoners taken, even if this figure seems lower for a success than the figures trumpeted in other battles prior to this but the German articles cited in the “excuses for Allies’ victory” don’t seem to be accepting a victory at all, merely some advances. Philip Gibbs gives a lengthy account of the opening of the battle in some of the most vivid battle-writing seen yet in the paper from the Western Front on an article which runs over to page 10
Also in today’s paper
- A man is sentenced to three months’ imprisonment in Hull after faking a postcard to try and get a well-known local gentleman of German birth interned; “a cunning, mean and malicious act” says the magistrate – page 4
- Sir Edward Grey warns Bulgaria that if it assumes “an aggressive attitude on the side of our enemies” Britain will be “prepared to give to our friends in the Balkans all the support in our power” – page 9

28th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph progress reported on Champagne, around Loos and on the Russian front. It was looking like the start of a good autumn for the Allies if the reports on page 9 and 10 are anything to go by, Also in today’s paper - Sir Robert Baden-Powell praises the discretion of Girl Guides, but isn’t very complimentary about girls in general in doing so – page 4 - A chink in the edifice of the age of steam on the railways as work on the electrification of commuter lines out of Waterloo is almost complete – page 5. Talking of the railways readers can discover about goods traffic problems from a Goods Superintendent on page 6 - A former Belgian subject feels the wrath of the law for photographing a gun station without permission, although his defence argues that “the absolute stupidity of the act … was itself the clearest possible proof that there was no desire to do wrong” – page 5 - D. W Griffith’s celebrated film The Birth of a Nation is reviewed on page 6 - The French success in Champagne leads to an article about the terrain there and the history of fighting in the region on page 7; “think of Salisbury Plain” apparently for the location of the current battle - Success is reported in the campaign for earlier closing of shops, although in this light it is a bit startling to see this defined as not later than 8 o’clock on three nights, 9 o’clock on Fridays and 10 o’clock on Saturdays in London – page 10 - Two articles on page 10 give a rosy view of Italy’s role in the fighting in keeping Austria busy - Advice is given as to what to send as comforts to the men at Gallipoli on page 10 - Accusations in Spain that Germany was plotting to take over Majorca or some other or even all of the Balearic Islands – page 11

27th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph “At last, in the splendid despatches from French and British Headquarters which we publish to-day, the nation has news that will cut at the roots of the rank growth of domestic bitterness which the weary waiting of six months had fostered among us. South of La Bassée, and in the Champagne district, blows have been struck that will sound their echoes round the world and will revive once more in the peoples at home that eager enthusiasm which inaction and hope deferred had also crushed, leaving only the stoical determination to endure and strive to the appointed end.”
France had a “great victory” to report in Champagne, whilst Sir John French could report advances around Loos, in renewed fighting that was apparent in Holland (page 9) but our leader on page 8 quoted above is surely going over the top in its reaction, unless there has really been a spirit of war-weariness in Britain that everyone has been at pains to conceal, for there hasn’t been anything in the pages of the Telegraph to hint at such a thing, which makes the sentiment expressed seem so odd.
Also in today’s paper
- Labour leader Keir Hardie dies – page 7. Given the hostility to Hardie shown by the Telegraph its “regret” at the news seems more like politeness than real sadness at the news
- The Budget’s imposition of taxes on the import of hats leads to a debate over what exactly should be defined as a hat – page 8 - The diplomatic row between the USA and Austria-Hungary continues, as the former insists on the recall of the latter’s Ambassador to it – page 10 - Welsh miners complain about pay, and threaten yet another strike – page 10 - A deputation from the National Advisory Committee on War Output visits the British lines – page 10. Its conclusion that there is a need for more shells will hardly come as any surprise - American newspapers claim 10,000 aeroplanes are being prepared to counter Zeppelin raids on the UK – page 10. The Press Bureau says of this story “responsibility for its accuracy must rest with its publisher”

26th September 1915

Write your post here.

25th September 1915

The third Battle of Artois begins: After four days of bombardment, the 25th September begins with a number of underground explosions under the parapets of the German front line trenches, followed by the release of chlorine gas. By the days end, 9,700 UK soldiers would be dead; the Victoria Cross would be awarded 10 times.

The recipients:
Frederick Henry Johnson
Henry Edward Kenny
Arthur Forbes Gordon
Thapa Kulbir
Daniel Logan Laidlaw
George Allen Maling
George Stanley Peachment
Anketell Moutray Read
Arthur Vickers
Harry Wells
Angus Falconer Douglas-Hamilton

In todays' Daily Telegraph a German who has returned to his country from Britain writes about his experiences in “the most moderate and truthful account of conditions in England to-day that has appeared in the German Press;” he having almost nothing but good to say about this country. Page 10 gives extracts from the two articles he penned. It is quite impressive that the Germans allowed this to be printed.  Also in today’s paper - In response to an appeal by the Medical War Service Emergency Committee, an article on page 6 stresses the duty of patients of those who go off to war service to stay loyal to their doctors - Greece responds to Bulgaria’s mobilisation by ordering one of her own – page 9 - It is confirmed that “treating” in London is to be banned – page 9 - Hints to the public as to lighting conditions in London should be are given on page 9. A blackout is not planned - The women’s page reports the news that Germans have been deprived of their whipped cream (page 12)

24th September 1914

In todays' Daily Telegraph the propaganda war over the Zeppelin raids continued, as the New York World prints an interview with a German Zeppelin pilot about the recent raid of London. Not that the Telegraph was accepting what was being said, for the article republishing this is at pains to point out it isn’t wholly truthful (page 9). Meanwhile a picture of the Royal Palace at Stuttgart on page 3 reveals this building was attacked in reprisal raids for German bombings.
Also in today’s paper
- A new Joseph Conrad novel is reviewed on page 4
- The Lord Mayor of London starts a new fund for Belgian relief – page 8, which a leader article on the same page encourages donations to, even though the Telegraph still has its own Belgium fund running. Meanwhile on page 11 Cheltenham does its bit for the Belgians with a war exhibition
- The ramifications of the Budget were still being felt, with the abolition of the halfpenny postage proving something of a hot potato – pages 9 and 10 - A case in the courts raises the issue as to whether interned aliens can pursue legal actions – page 12

23rd September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph  - A soldier accuses a milliner of robbing him on a night out, only to be lambasted by the judge for being out on the town in the first place – page 3
- The Horticultural Trades Association of Great Britain and Ireland urges nurserymen and seedmen not to heed adverts for Dutch growers in an advert on page 3
- The Port of London announces that it is experiencing “a continuous crescendo” in trade – page 6
- Bulgaria orders the mobilisation of its army as it enters on a state of armed neutrality – page 9 - “General commendation” for the new budget is reported on page 9 and page 10 has more reaction, including British piano makers welcoming the new import duty on musical instruments. “Postcard Publishers” in a letter on page 11 are far from happy about the abolition of halfpenny postage though - The fighting on the Eastern Front is the subject of a number of articles on pages 9 and 10 as Russia claims to be more than holding its own - It’s the turn of the Royal Naval Division to go on a recruiting match through London – page 11

22nd September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph “There is practically universal recognition of the fact that the main business of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, in the existing circumstances, is to raise money with the minimum of economic disturbance. The new taxes were certain to be burdensome, and they are burdensome. They were certain to hit some sections of the community very heavily, and they do so. They were certain to infringe some sections of the community very heavily, and they do so.” In order to help pay for the steadily rising costs of the war Reginald McKenna’s budget introduced numerous higher taxes, with the announcement of a 40 per cent rise to income tax rates taking the headlines, although notable other measures included a 50 per cent tax on war profits of any business, manufactory or agency, 33 and a third per cent import duties on the likes of cars, hats, watches, musical instruments and cinema films, and abolition of the halfpenny postage (page 9). However, as evinced from the leader on the subject on page 8 and a report by the City Editor on the City of London’s view on page 9, his measures were met with acceptance and some support – McKenna “has apportioned the fresh taxes with ability and impartiality” the latter writes although page 10 has some more hostile reaction from some of the areas affected.. Also in today’s paper - One of H. G. Wells’ lesser-known novels is reviewed on page 4 – “this work is one to be grateful for” says the reviewer - Fourteen lives are lost in “the most disastrous accident that has taken place in the Warwickshire coalfield for over thirty years” – page 7. Also in the industry on the same page, seven miners near Leeds are fined for slacking - “The opening of the Zemstvo and municipal conferences in Moscow yesterday has afforded further proof of the iron determination of the Russian people to carry on the war with redoubled energies until a victorious issue is reached” writes thiere man in Petrograd on page 8 - Stonehenge is sold for £6,600 by a private owner – page 9 - A German submarine is reported by Norwegian fishermen to have torpedoed another one by mistake – page 9 - Princess Zita, wife of the heir to the Austrian throne, is rather short with an Italian prisoner, who is then put on short rations for his disrespectful reaction – page 10 - The Press Bureau issues a collection of the dispatches which proved Austria-Hungary’s complicity in plots in the USA – page 11

21st Saptember 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph it was Budget Day today, so the Telegraph dedicated the centre of page 9 to predicting what would be in Reginald McKenna’s first of the war. So if it is accurate, readers will probably get a sense of déjà vu the following day when no doubt it will be reported all over again!
The major article today was the “stirring” second official despatch from Gallipoli, printed on pages 4 and 5, whilst on page 10 the story of a New Zealand soldier blinded in the fighting there is told
Also in today’s paper
- A dispute over the alteration of meal hours in a munitions firm ends up in court, with seven men fined for their part in it – page 5
- The Army Council announces its plans to a central organisation to co-ordinate the work of those looking to supply winter comforts for the troops – page 8 - Russia claims its retreat in the East is only sending it back to its original plan, and that it is only a superiority in artillery and ammunition is which enabling the Germans to advance – page 9 - Two escaped German officers are recaptured in West Hartlepool, whilst descriptions of two others still at large are issued – page 9 - A special correspondent reports on Coventry’s contribution to the war effort – page 10 - How churches are taking steps to combat Zeppelin raids is the subject of an article on page 11 - A letter on page 11 complains at “a rather intolerant piece of red-tapeism of the postal service”

20th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph the possibility of the introduction of conscription was still proving a hot political topic, and there was more on it in today’s paper. Firstly a letter from David Lloyd George to a constituent on the subject appeared on page 9; by what means the Telegraph acquired with letter isn’t entirely clear. Then below this we have the National Union of Railwaymen heartily endorsing its’ leader J. H. Thomas’ speech on the topic in the Commons (see September 17) and reaffirming its opposition, and on the next column Our Special Correspondent in Rotterdam reports on the bad impression the ongoing controversy over the subject is causing in the Netherlands, opening a new sideline on the whole matter. By now it was becoming clear this was a subject that was going to run and run.
Also in today’s paper
- The Daily Mail responds to the Zeppelin attacks with a fund for readers affected – the “most liberal offers ever made” says an advert on page 3. Its not the only paper advertising in today’s issue – the Guardian is advertising an special China number on page 6
- The Earl of Selborne makes a plea for recruiters not to enlist skilled workers in the agricultural sector, labourers in it not to go on strike and famers not to give their labourers any reason to strike as he delivers an address on how food production should be increased – page 7
- Sir John French praises the Canadian cavalry’s contribution as an “example to the Empire” – page 8 - Another place falls to the Germans on the Eastern Front, “by no means unexpected” by Petrograd – page 9 - More news on Gallipoli on page 9, as the Anzac forces take Hill 60, and E. Ashmead-Bartlett looks at the supplying of the forces in this “most instructive and interesting campaign” - “Treating”, or the buying of drinks for others, is expected to be banned in London – page 9 - Germany pledges to the USA that there will be no more liner sinking incidents, and claims the last one was in fact caused by a cunningly planted British mine – page 9

18th September 1915

In todays' Daily Telegraph the Government decided that the time was ripe to give some details of the effect of the latest Zeppelin raid on London, so that “the real character of these outrages may be the better understood” and “the folly and futility of the raids” emphasised, and an “impartial observer” was asked by the Home Secretary to provide such an account, although no hint is given as to who this personage might be which in a more cynical age leads one to suspect they may not have been as impartial as the Government is making out. The report is unsurprisingly critical of the Germans’ bombing, although its ordering does work somewhat uneasily, starting with a public house being damaged and having a bomb whose only casualty was a bantam cock sit between reports of two others which killed children before ending with one causing nine deaths on a bus. Not that a German Count thought that what our man in Rotterdam described as “the German baby-killers” were responsible for these deaths – it was the British Government who was at fault for allowing civilians to carry on living in London! Page 9 has these articles
Also in today’s paper
- The elder son of King Albert of Belgium is pictured on page 5 at Eton, where he has been enrolled, having previously been in the trenches
- Russia admits to falling back under German attacks, but still claims to have “badly shaken” the enemy – page 8
- Our Special Correspondent writes of a Central Powers plan to open a new front, either in Italy or Serbia – page 9 - Agreement is reached with labour leaders on how to increase the output of munitions – page 9. “It now rests with the rank-and-file to prove their patriotism by endorsing the pledges of their chosen representatives” says the article. Meanwhile Winston Churchill gives two speeches to munition workers (page 10) which impress the paper – “they were short, they were interesting, and they were also characterised by a discretion which may be recommended to the imitation of some of his colleagues in the Cabinet” observes a leader on page 8 - “A Woman” writes on page 10 on the need for co-ordination of women’s war work - An English citizen is arrested in Italy on suspicion of spying for the Central Powers – page 11 - Philip Gibbs’ latest article from the front extols the spirit and good humour of the soldiers, and suggests some of their literary output ought to be preserved in the British Museum for posterity after the war – page 11 - Among the recipes on the women’ page today are some for oysters, as they are “abundant and cheap” – page 12

17th September 1915

To see today’s 1915 Daily Telegraph in PDF format click here

Lieutenant-Commander Martin Eric Nasmith,VC was Gazetted on 25th June 1915

The KING has been graciously pleased to
approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross to
Lieutenant-Commander Martin Eric Nasmith,
Royal Navy, for the conspicuous bravery
specified below: —
For most conspicuous bravery in command
of one of His Majesty's Submarines while
operating in the Sea of Marmora. In the
face of great danger he succeeded in destroying
one large Turkish gunboat, two transports,
one ammunition ship and three storeships,
in addition to driving one storeship
ashore. When he had safely passed the most
difficult part of his homeward journey he
returned again to torpedo a Turkish transport.

In todays' Daily Telegraph although the Trade Unions were not always to the Telegraph’s taste during the war, it was prepared to give them or their leaders respect if it felt it was due, and page 7 has an example of this today. As the Commons debated the Vote of Credit, which was in effect a debate of conscription (or compulsion as it was being termed here) J. H. Thomas, leader of the railway workers, made a speech giving a warning as to what would be the effect on his men, and by extension various other industries, should it be introduced. You might have expected the Telegraph to portray this as an obstructive trades unionist, but instead it seems to have been impressed by his speech, noting that “Parliament was listening to once to a Labour leader voicing the live views of a powerful section of the industrial community” and voicing them quite powerfully too if the article is anything to go by, as the only criticism the article gives of Mr Thomas is that expressed by other MPs as he ignited quite a debate, with one Colonel even claiming that “anyone who made a profit out of the war was a traitor”. With David Lloyd George also meeting union leaders over plans to increase output of munitions (page 7) it was quite a day for the brothers today. Also in today’s paper - The cycling column bemoans the state of the roads in what comes across as a rather self-interested start to the article given the wider circumstances of 1915 – page 3 - If you’ve ever wondered whether the authoress of The Scarlet Pimpernel wrote any other works, an advert on page 4 provides the titles of two more, which probably few people have even heard of and even fewer read a century on - A letter on page 5 reveals that convictions for drunkenness among men have gone down over the previous year while those for women have gone up - The Archbishops of Canterbury and York launch an appeal to provide special huts for the troops – page 6 - A Belgian publisher is imprisoned by the Germans for publishing King Albert’s Book there – page 6 - The Admiralty accepts Turkish claims to have sunk a British submarine on the grounds no news has been received from it for almost a fortnight – page 7 - Two Army officers are court-martialled for attending a night club contrary to orders – page 8